Python numpy.less_equal() 使用实例

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Example 1

def equal(x1, x2):
    """
    Return (x1 == x2) element-wise.

    Unlike `numpy.equal`, this comparison is performed by first
    stripping whitespace characters from the end of the string.  This
    behavior is provided for backward-compatibility with numarray.

    Parameters
    ----------
    x1, x2 : array_like of str or unicode
        Input arrays of the same shape.

    Returns
    -------
    out : ndarray or bool
        Output array of bools, or a single bool if x1 and x2 are scalars.

    See Also
    --------
    not_equal, greater_equal, less_equal, greater, less
    """
    return compare_chararrays(x1, x2, '==', True) 

Example 2

def not_equal(x1, x2):
    """
    Return (x1 != x2) element-wise.

    Unlike `numpy.not_equal`, this comparison is performed by first
    stripping whitespace characters from the end of the string.  This
    behavior is provided for backward-compatibility with numarray.

    Parameters
    ----------
    x1, x2 : array_like of str or unicode
        Input arrays of the same shape.

    Returns
    -------
    out : ndarray or bool
        Output array of bools, or a single bool if x1 and x2 are scalars.

    See Also
    --------
    equal, greater_equal, less_equal, greater, less
    """
    return compare_chararrays(x1, x2, '!=', True) 

Example 3

def greater_equal(x1, x2):
    """
    Return (x1 >= x2) element-wise.

    Unlike `numpy.greater_equal`, this comparison is performed by
    first stripping whitespace characters from the end of the string.
    This behavior is provided for backward-compatibility with
    numarray.

    Parameters
    ----------
    x1, x2 : array_like of str or unicode
        Input arrays of the same shape.

    Returns
    -------
    out : ndarray or bool
        Output array of bools, or a single bool if x1 and x2 are scalars.

    See Also
    --------
    equal, not_equal, less_equal, greater, less
    """
    return compare_chararrays(x1, x2, '>=', True) 

Example 4

def less_equal(x1, x2):
    """
    Return (x1 <= x2) element-wise.

    Unlike `numpy.less_equal`, this comparison is performed by first
    stripping whitespace characters from the end of the string.  This
    behavior is provided for backward-compatibility with numarray.

    Parameters
    ----------
    x1, x2 : array_like of str or unicode
        Input arrays of the same shape.

    Returns
    -------
    out : ndarray or bool
        Output array of bools, or a single bool if x1 and x2 are scalars.

    See Also
    --------
    equal, not_equal, greater_equal, greater, less
    """
    return compare_chararrays(x1, x2, '<=', True) 

Example 5

def greater(x1, x2):
    """
    Return (x1 > x2) element-wise.

    Unlike `numpy.greater`, this comparison is performed by first
    stripping whitespace characters from the end of the string.  This
    behavior is provided for backward-compatibility with numarray.

    Parameters
    ----------
    x1, x2 : array_like of str or unicode
        Input arrays of the same shape.

    Returns
    -------
    out : ndarray or bool
        Output array of bools, or a single bool if x1 and x2 are scalars.

    See Also
    --------
    equal, not_equal, greater_equal, less_equal, less
    """
    return compare_chararrays(x1, x2, '>', True) 

Example 6

def test_identity_equality_mismatch(self):
        a = np.array([np.nan], dtype=object)

        with warnings.catch_warnings():
            warnings.filterwarnings('always', '', FutureWarning)
            assert_warns(FutureWarning, np.equal, a, a)
            assert_warns(FutureWarning, np.not_equal, a, a)

        with warnings.catch_warnings():
            warnings.filterwarnings('error', '', FutureWarning)
            assert_raises(FutureWarning, np.equal, a, a)
            assert_raises(FutureWarning, np.not_equal, a, a)
            # And the other do not warn:
            with np.errstate(invalid='ignore'):
                np.less(a, a)
                np.greater(a, a)
                np.less_equal(a, a)
                np.greater_equal(a, a) 

Example 7

def approx(a, b, fill_value=True, rtol=1e-5, atol=1e-8):
    """
    Returns true if all components of a and b are equal to given tolerances.

    If fill_value is True, masked values considered equal. Otherwise,
    masked values are considered unequal.  The relative error rtol should
    be positive and << 1.0 The absolute error atol comes into play for
    those elements of b that are very small or zero; it says how small a
    must be also.

    """
    m = mask_or(getmask(a), getmask(b))
    d1 = filled(a)
    d2 = filled(b)
    if d1.dtype.char == "O" or d2.dtype.char == "O":
        return np.equal(d1, d2).ravel()
    x = filled(masked_array(d1, copy=False, mask=m), fill_value).astype(float_)
    y = filled(masked_array(d2, copy=False, mask=m), 1).astype(float_)
    d = np.less_equal(umath.absolute(x - y), atol + rtol * umath.absolute(y))
    return d.ravel() 

Example 8

def points_in_front(self, points, inverted=False, ret_indices=False):
        '''
        Given an array of points, return the points which lie either on the
        plane or in the half-space in front of it (i.e. in the direction of
        the plane normal).

        points: An array of points.
        inverted: When `True`, invert the logic. Return the points that lie
          behind the plane instead.
        ret_indices: When `True`, return the indices instead of the points
          themselves.

        '''
        sign = self.sign(points)

        if inverted:
            mask = np.less_equal(sign, 0)
        else:
            mask = np.greater_equal(sign, 0)

        indices = np.flatnonzero(mask)

        return indices if ret_indices else points[indices] 

Example 9

def equal(x1, x2):
    """
    Return (x1 == x2) element-wise.

    Unlike `numpy.equal`, this comparison is performed by first
    stripping whitespace characters from the end of the string.  This
    behavior is provided for backward-compatibility with numarray.

    Parameters
    ----------
    x1, x2 : array_like of str or unicode
        Input arrays of the same shape.

    Returns
    -------
    out : ndarray or bool
        Output array of bools, or a single bool if x1 and x2 are scalars.

    See Also
    --------
    not_equal, greater_equal, less_equal, greater, less
    """
    return compare_chararrays(x1, x2, '==', True) 

Example 10

def not_equal(x1, x2):
    """
    Return (x1 != x2) element-wise.

    Unlike `numpy.not_equal`, this comparison is performed by first
    stripping whitespace characters from the end of the string.  This
    behavior is provided for backward-compatibility with numarray.

    Parameters
    ----------
    x1, x2 : array_like of str or unicode
        Input arrays of the same shape.

    Returns
    -------
    out : ndarray or bool
        Output array of bools, or a single bool if x1 and x2 are scalars.

    See Also
    --------
    equal, greater_equal, less_equal, greater, less
    """
    return compare_chararrays(x1, x2, '!=', True) 

Example 11

def greater_equal(x1, x2):
    """
    Return (x1 >= x2) element-wise.

    Unlike `numpy.greater_equal`, this comparison is performed by
    first stripping whitespace characters from the end of the string.
    This behavior is provided for backward-compatibility with
    numarray.

    Parameters
    ----------
    x1, x2 : array_like of str or unicode
        Input arrays of the same shape.

    Returns
    -------
    out : ndarray or bool
        Output array of bools, or a single bool if x1 and x2 are scalars.

    See Also
    --------
    equal, not_equal, less_equal, greater, less
    """
    return compare_chararrays(x1, x2, '>=', True) 

Example 12

def less_equal(x1, x2):
    """
    Return (x1 <= x2) element-wise.

    Unlike `numpy.less_equal`, this comparison is performed by first
    stripping whitespace characters from the end of the string.  This
    behavior is provided for backward-compatibility with numarray.

    Parameters
    ----------
    x1, x2 : array_like of str or unicode
        Input arrays of the same shape.

    Returns
    -------
    out : ndarray or bool
        Output array of bools, or a single bool if x1 and x2 are scalars.

    See Also
    --------
    equal, not_equal, greater_equal, greater, less
    """
    return compare_chararrays(x1, x2, '<=', True) 

Example 13

def greater(x1, x2):
    """
    Return (x1 > x2) element-wise.

    Unlike `numpy.greater`, this comparison is performed by first
    stripping whitespace characters from the end of the string.  This
    behavior is provided for backward-compatibility with numarray.

    Parameters
    ----------
    x1, x2 : array_like of str or unicode
        Input arrays of the same shape.

    Returns
    -------
    out : ndarray or bool
        Output array of bools, or a single bool if x1 and x2 are scalars.

    See Also
    --------
    equal, not_equal, greater_equal, less_equal, less
    """
    return compare_chararrays(x1, x2, '>', True) 

Example 14

def test_identity_equality_mismatch(self):
        a = np.array([np.nan], dtype=object)

        with warnings.catch_warnings():
            warnings.filterwarnings('always', '', FutureWarning)
            assert_warns(FutureWarning, np.equal, a, a)
            assert_warns(FutureWarning, np.not_equal, a, a)

        with warnings.catch_warnings():
            warnings.filterwarnings('error', '', FutureWarning)
            assert_raises(FutureWarning, np.equal, a, a)
            assert_raises(FutureWarning, np.not_equal, a, a)
            # And the other do not warn:
            with np.errstate(invalid='ignore'):
                np.less(a, a)
                np.greater(a, a)
                np.less_equal(a, a)
                np.greater_equal(a, a) 

Example 15

def approx(a, b, fill_value=True, rtol=1e-5, atol=1e-8):
    """
    Returns true if all components of a and b are equal to given tolerances.

    If fill_value is True, masked values considered equal. Otherwise,
    masked values are considered unequal.  The relative error rtol should
    be positive and << 1.0 The absolute error atol comes into play for
    those elements of b that are very small or zero; it says how small a
    must be also.

    """
    m = mask_or(getmask(a), getmask(b))
    d1 = filled(a)
    d2 = filled(b)
    if d1.dtype.char == "O" or d2.dtype.char == "O":
        return np.equal(d1, d2).ravel()
    x = filled(masked_array(d1, copy=False, mask=m), fill_value).astype(float_)
    y = filled(masked_array(d2, copy=False, mask=m), 1).astype(float_)
    d = np.less_equal(umath.absolute(x - y), atol + rtol * umath.absolute(y))
    return d.ravel() 

Example 16

def has_approx_support(m, m_hat, prob=0.01):
    """Returns 1 if model selection error is less than or equal to prob rate,
    0 else.

    NOTE: why does np.nonzero/np.flatnonzero create so much problems?
    """
    m_nz = np.flatnonzero(np.triu(m, 1))
    m_hat_nz = np.flatnonzero(np.triu(m_hat, 1))

    upper_diagonal_mask = np.flatnonzero(np.triu(np.ones(m.shape), 1))
    not_m_nz = np.setdiff1d(upper_diagonal_mask, m_nz)

    intersection = np.in1d(m_hat_nz, m_nz)  # true positives
    not_intersection = np.in1d(m_hat_nz, not_m_nz)  # false positives

    true_positive_rate = 0.0
    if len(m_nz):
        true_positive_rate = 1. * np.sum(intersection) / len(m_nz)
        true_negative_rate = 1. - true_positive_rate

    false_positive_rate = 0.0
    if len(not_m_nz):
        false_positive_rate = 1. * np.sum(not_intersection) / len(not_m_nz)

    return int(np.less_equal(true_negative_rate + false_positive_rate, prob)) 

Example 17

def equal(x1, x2):
    """
    Return (x1 == x2) element-wise.

    Unlike `numpy.equal`, this comparison is performed by first
    stripping whitespace characters from the end of the string.  This
    behavior is provided for backward-compatibility with numarray.

    Parameters
    ----------
    x1, x2 : array_like of str or unicode
        Input arrays of the same shape.

    Returns
    -------
    out : ndarray or bool
        Output array of bools, or a single bool if x1 and x2 are scalars.

    See Also
    --------
    not_equal, greater_equal, less_equal, greater, less
    """
    return compare_chararrays(x1, x2, '==', True) 

Example 18

def not_equal(x1, x2):
    """
    Return (x1 != x2) element-wise.

    Unlike `numpy.not_equal`, this comparison is performed by first
    stripping whitespace characters from the end of the string.  This
    behavior is provided for backward-compatibility with numarray.

    Parameters
    ----------
    x1, x2 : array_like of str or unicode
        Input arrays of the same shape.

    Returns
    -------
    out : ndarray or bool
        Output array of bools, or a single bool if x1 and x2 are scalars.

    See Also
    --------
    equal, greater_equal, less_equal, greater, less
    """
    return compare_chararrays(x1, x2, '!=', True) 

Example 19

def greater_equal(x1, x2):
    """
    Return (x1 >= x2) element-wise.

    Unlike `numpy.greater_equal`, this comparison is performed by
    first stripping whitespace characters from the end of the string.
    This behavior is provided for backward-compatibility with
    numarray.

    Parameters
    ----------
    x1, x2 : array_like of str or unicode
        Input arrays of the same shape.

    Returns
    -------
    out : ndarray or bool
        Output array of bools, or a single bool if x1 and x2 are scalars.

    See Also
    --------
    equal, not_equal, less_equal, greater, less
    """
    return compare_chararrays(x1, x2, '>=', True) 

Example 20

def less_equal(x1, x2):
    """
    Return (x1 <= x2) element-wise.

    Unlike `numpy.less_equal`, this comparison is performed by first
    stripping whitespace characters from the end of the string.  This
    behavior is provided for backward-compatibility with numarray.

    Parameters
    ----------
    x1, x2 : array_like of str or unicode
        Input arrays of the same shape.

    Returns
    -------
    out : ndarray or bool
        Output array of bools, or a single bool if x1 and x2 are scalars.

    See Also
    --------
    equal, not_equal, greater_equal, greater, less
    """
    return compare_chararrays(x1, x2, '<=', True) 

Example 21

def greater(x1, x2):
    """
    Return (x1 > x2) element-wise.

    Unlike `numpy.greater`, this comparison is performed by first
    stripping whitespace characters from the end of the string.  This
    behavior is provided for backward-compatibility with numarray.

    Parameters
    ----------
    x1, x2 : array_like of str or unicode
        Input arrays of the same shape.

    Returns
    -------
    out : ndarray or bool
        Output array of bools, or a single bool if x1 and x2 are scalars.

    See Also
    --------
    equal, not_equal, greater_equal, less_equal, less
    """
    return compare_chararrays(x1, x2, '>', True) 

Example 22

def test_NotImplemented_not_returned(self):
        # See gh-5964 and gh-2091. Some of these functions are not operator
        # related and were fixed for other reasons in the past.
        binary_funcs = [
            np.power, np.add, np.subtract, np.multiply, np.divide,
            np.true_divide, np.floor_divide, np.bitwise_and, np.bitwise_or,
            np.bitwise_xor, np.left_shift, np.right_shift, np.fmax,
            np.fmin, np.fmod, np.hypot, np.logaddexp, np.logaddexp2,
            np.logical_and, np.logical_or, np.logical_xor, np.maximum,
            np.minimum, np.mod
            ]

        # These functions still return NotImplemented. Will be fixed in
        # future.
        # bad = [np.greater, np.greater_equal, np.less, np.less_equal, np.not_equal]

        a = np.array('1')
        b = 1
        for f in binary_funcs:
            assert_raises(TypeError, f, a, b) 

Example 23

def test_identity_equality_mismatch(self):
        a = np.array([np.nan], dtype=object)

        with warnings.catch_warnings():
            warnings.filterwarnings('always', '', FutureWarning)
            assert_warns(FutureWarning, np.equal, a, a)
            assert_warns(FutureWarning, np.not_equal, a, a)

        with warnings.catch_warnings():
            warnings.filterwarnings('error', '', FutureWarning)
            assert_raises(FutureWarning, np.equal, a, a)
            assert_raises(FutureWarning, np.not_equal, a, a)
            # And the other do not warn:
            with np.errstate(invalid='ignore'):
                np.less(a, a)
                np.greater(a, a)
                np.less_equal(a, a)
                np.greater_equal(a, a) 

Example 24

def equal(x1, x2):
    """
    Return (x1 == x2) element-wise.

    Unlike `numpy.equal`, this comparison is performed by first
    stripping whitespace characters from the end of the string.  This
    behavior is provided for backward-compatibility with numarray.

    Parameters
    ----------
    x1, x2 : array_like of str or unicode
        Input arrays of the same shape.

    Returns
    -------
    out : ndarray or bool
        Output array of bools, or a single bool if x1 and x2 are scalars.

    See Also
    --------
    not_equal, greater_equal, less_equal, greater, less
    """
    return compare_chararrays(x1, x2, '==', True) 

Example 25

def greater_equal(x1, x2):
    """
    Return (x1 >= x2) element-wise.

    Unlike `numpy.greater_equal`, this comparison is performed by
    first stripping whitespace characters from the end of the string.
    This behavior is provided for backward-compatibility with
    numarray.

    Parameters
    ----------
    x1, x2 : array_like of str or unicode
        Input arrays of the same shape.

    Returns
    -------
    out : ndarray or bool
        Output array of bools, or a single bool if x1 and x2 are scalars.

    See Also
    --------
    equal, not_equal, less_equal, greater, less
    """
    return compare_chararrays(x1, x2, '>=', True) 

Example 26

def less_equal(x1, x2):
    """
    Return (x1 <= x2) element-wise.

    Unlike `numpy.less_equal`, this comparison is performed by first
    stripping whitespace characters from the end of the string.  This
    behavior is provided for backward-compatibility with numarray.

    Parameters
    ----------
    x1, x2 : array_like of str or unicode
        Input arrays of the same shape.

    Returns
    -------
    out : ndarray or bool
        Output array of bools, or a single bool if x1 and x2 are scalars.

    See Also
    --------
    equal, not_equal, greater_equal, greater, less
    """
    return compare_chararrays(x1, x2, '<=', True) 

Example 27

def greater(x1, x2):
    """
    Return (x1 > x2) element-wise.

    Unlike `numpy.greater`, this comparison is performed by first
    stripping whitespace characters from the end of the string.  This
    behavior is provided for backward-compatibility with numarray.

    Parameters
    ----------
    x1, x2 : array_like of str or unicode
        Input arrays of the same shape.

    Returns
    -------
    out : ndarray or bool
        Output array of bools, or a single bool if x1 and x2 are scalars.

    See Also
    --------
    equal, not_equal, greater_equal, less_equal, less
    """
    return compare_chararrays(x1, x2, '>', True) 

Example 28

def test_NotImplemented_not_returned(self):
        # See gh-5964 and gh-2091. Some of these functions are not operator
        # related and were fixed for other reasons in the past.
        binary_funcs = [
            np.power, np.add, np.subtract, np.multiply, np.divide,
            np.true_divide, np.floor_divide, np.bitwise_and, np.bitwise_or,
            np.bitwise_xor, np.left_shift, np.right_shift, np.fmax,
            np.fmin, np.fmod, np.hypot, np.logaddexp, np.logaddexp2,
            np.logical_and, np.logical_or, np.logical_xor, np.maximum,
            np.minimum, np.mod
            ]

        # These functions still return NotImplemented. Will be fixed in
        # future.
        # bad = [np.greater, np.greater_equal, np.less, np.less_equal, np.not_equal]

        a = np.array('1')
        b = 1
        for f in binary_funcs:
            assert_raises(TypeError, f, a, b) 

Example 29

def test_identity_equality_mismatch(self):
        a = np.array([np.nan], dtype=object)

        with warnings.catch_warnings():
            warnings.filterwarnings('always', '', FutureWarning)
            assert_warns(FutureWarning, np.equal, a, a)
            assert_warns(FutureWarning, np.not_equal, a, a)

        with warnings.catch_warnings():
            warnings.filterwarnings('error', '', FutureWarning)
            assert_raises(FutureWarning, np.equal, a, a)
            assert_raises(FutureWarning, np.not_equal, a, a)
            # And the other do not warn:
            with np.errstate(invalid='ignore'):
                np.less(a, a)
                np.greater(a, a)
                np.less_equal(a, a)
                np.greater_equal(a, a) 

Example 30

def equal(x1, x2):
    """
    Return (x1 == x2) element-wise.

    Unlike `numpy.equal`, this comparison is performed by first
    stripping whitespace characters from the end of the string.  This
    behavior is provided for backward-compatibility with numarray.

    Parameters
    ----------
    x1, x2 : array_like of str or unicode
        Input arrays of the same shape.

    Returns
    -------
    out : ndarray or bool
        Output array of bools, or a single bool if x1 and x2 are scalars.

    See Also
    --------
    not_equal, greater_equal, less_equal, greater, less
    """
    return compare_chararrays(x1, x2, '==', True) 

Example 31

def not_equal(x1, x2):
    """
    Return (x1 != x2) element-wise.

    Unlike `numpy.not_equal`, this comparison is performed by first
    stripping whitespace characters from the end of the string.  This
    behavior is provided for backward-compatibility with numarray.

    Parameters
    ----------
    x1, x2 : array_like of str or unicode
        Input arrays of the same shape.

    Returns
    -------
    out : ndarray or bool
        Output array of bools, or a single bool if x1 and x2 are scalars.

    See Also
    --------
    equal, greater_equal, less_equal, greater, less
    """
    return compare_chararrays(x1, x2, '!=', True) 

Example 32

def greater_equal(x1, x2):
    """
    Return (x1 >= x2) element-wise.

    Unlike `numpy.greater_equal`, this comparison is performed by
    first stripping whitespace characters from the end of the string.
    This behavior is provided for backward-compatibility with
    numarray.

    Parameters
    ----------
    x1, x2 : array_like of str or unicode
        Input arrays of the same shape.

    Returns
    -------
    out : ndarray or bool
        Output array of bools, or a single bool if x1 and x2 are scalars.

    See Also
    --------
    equal, not_equal, less_equal, greater, less
    """
    return compare_chararrays(x1, x2, '>=', True) 

Example 33

def less_equal(x1, x2):
    """
    Return (x1 <= x2) element-wise.

    Unlike `numpy.less_equal`, this comparison is performed by first
    stripping whitespace characters from the end of the string.  This
    behavior is provided for backward-compatibility with numarray.

    Parameters
    ----------
    x1, x2 : array_like of str or unicode
        Input arrays of the same shape.

    Returns
    -------
    out : ndarray or bool
        Output array of bools, or a single bool if x1 and x2 are scalars.

    See Also
    --------
    equal, not_equal, greater_equal, greater, less
    """
    return compare_chararrays(x1, x2, '<=', True) 

Example 34

def greater(x1, x2):
    """
    Return (x1 > x2) element-wise.

    Unlike `numpy.greater`, this comparison is performed by first
    stripping whitespace characters from the end of the string.  This
    behavior is provided for backward-compatibility with numarray.

    Parameters
    ----------
    x1, x2 : array_like of str or unicode
        Input arrays of the same shape.

    Returns
    -------
    out : ndarray or bool
        Output array of bools, or a single bool if x1 and x2 are scalars.

    See Also
    --------
    equal, not_equal, greater_equal, less_equal, less
    """
    return compare_chararrays(x1, x2, '>', True) 

Example 35

def test_NotImplemented_not_returned(self):
        # See gh-5964 and gh-2091. Some of these functions are not operator
        # related and were fixed for other reasons in the past.
        binary_funcs = [
            np.power, np.add, np.subtract, np.multiply, np.divide,
            np.true_divide, np.floor_divide, np.bitwise_and, np.bitwise_or,
            np.bitwise_xor, np.left_shift, np.right_shift, np.fmax,
            np.fmin, np.fmod, np.hypot, np.logaddexp, np.logaddexp2,
            np.logical_and, np.logical_or, np.logical_xor, np.maximum,
            np.minimum, np.mod
            ]

        # These functions still return NotImplemented. Will be fixed in
        # future.
        # bad = [np.greater, np.greater_equal, np.less, np.less_equal, np.not_equal]

        a = np.array('1')
        b = 1
        for f in binary_funcs:
            assert_raises(TypeError, f, a, b) 

Example 36

def test_identity_equality_mismatch(self):
        a = np.array([np.nan], dtype=object)

        with warnings.catch_warnings():
            warnings.filterwarnings('always', '', FutureWarning)
            assert_warns(FutureWarning, np.equal, a, a)
            assert_warns(FutureWarning, np.not_equal, a, a)

        with warnings.catch_warnings():
            warnings.filterwarnings('error', '', FutureWarning)
            assert_raises(FutureWarning, np.equal, a, a)
            assert_raises(FutureWarning, np.not_equal, a, a)
            # And the other do not warn:
            with np.errstate(invalid='ignore'):
                np.less(a, a)
                np.greater(a, a)
                np.less_equal(a, a)
                np.greater_equal(a, a) 

Example 37

def approx(a, b, fill_value=True, rtol=1e-5, atol=1e-8):
    """
    Returns true if all components of a and b are equal to given tolerances.

    If fill_value is True, masked values considered equal. Otherwise,
    masked values are considered unequal.  The relative error rtol should
    be positive and << 1.0 The absolute error atol comes into play for
    those elements of b that are very small or zero; it says how small a
    must be also.

    """
    m = mask_or(getmask(a), getmask(b))
    d1 = filled(a)
    d2 = filled(b)
    if d1.dtype.char == "O" or d2.dtype.char == "O":
        return np.equal(d1, d2).ravel()
    x = filled(masked_array(d1, copy=False, mask=m), fill_value).astype(float_)
    y = filled(masked_array(d2, copy=False, mask=m), 1).astype(float_)
    d = np.less_equal(umath.absolute(x - y), atol + rtol * umath.absolute(y))
    return d.ravel() 

Example 38

def equal(x1, x2):
    """
    Return (x1 == x2) element-wise.

    Unlike `numpy.equal`, this comparison is performed by first
    stripping whitespace characters from the end of the string.  This
    behavior is provided for backward-compatibility with numarray.

    Parameters
    ----------
    x1, x2 : array_like of str or unicode
        Input arrays of the same shape.

    Returns
    -------
    out : ndarray or bool
        Output array of bools, or a single bool if x1 and x2 are scalars.

    See Also
    --------
    not_equal, greater_equal, less_equal, greater, less
    """
    return compare_chararrays(x1, x2, '==', True) 

Example 39

def not_equal(x1, x2):
    """
    Return (x1 != x2) element-wise.

    Unlike `numpy.not_equal`, this comparison is performed by first
    stripping whitespace characters from the end of the string.  This
    behavior is provided for backward-compatibility with numarray.

    Parameters
    ----------
    x1, x2 : array_like of str or unicode
        Input arrays of the same shape.

    Returns
    -------
    out : ndarray or bool
        Output array of bools, or a single bool if x1 and x2 are scalars.

    See Also
    --------
    equal, greater_equal, less_equal, greater, less
    """
    return compare_chararrays(x1, x2, '!=', True) 

Example 40

def greater_equal(x1, x2):
    """
    Return (x1 >= x2) element-wise.

    Unlike `numpy.greater_equal`, this comparison is performed by
    first stripping whitespace characters from the end of the string.
    This behavior is provided for backward-compatibility with
    numarray.

    Parameters
    ----------
    x1, x2 : array_like of str or unicode
        Input arrays of the same shape.

    Returns
    -------
    out : ndarray or bool
        Output array of bools, or a single bool if x1 and x2 are scalars.

    See Also
    --------
    equal, not_equal, less_equal, greater, less
    """
    return compare_chararrays(x1, x2, '>=', True) 

Example 41

def less_equal(x1, x2):
    """
    Return (x1 <= x2) element-wise.

    Unlike `numpy.less_equal`, this comparison is performed by first
    stripping whitespace characters from the end of the string.  This
    behavior is provided for backward-compatibility with numarray.

    Parameters
    ----------
    x1, x2 : array_like of str or unicode
        Input arrays of the same shape.

    Returns
    -------
    out : ndarray or bool
        Output array of bools, or a single bool if x1 and x2 are scalars.

    See Also
    --------
    equal, not_equal, greater_equal, greater, less
    """
    return compare_chararrays(x1, x2, '<=', True) 

Example 42

def greater(x1, x2):
    """
    Return (x1 > x2) element-wise.

    Unlike `numpy.greater`, this comparison is performed by first
    stripping whitespace characters from the end of the string.  This
    behavior is provided for backward-compatibility with numarray.

    Parameters
    ----------
    x1, x2 : array_like of str or unicode
        Input arrays of the same shape.

    Returns
    -------
    out : ndarray or bool
        Output array of bools, or a single bool if x1 and x2 are scalars.

    See Also
    --------
    equal, not_equal, greater_equal, less_equal, less
    """
    return compare_chararrays(x1, x2, '>', True) 

Example 43

def test_NotImplemented_not_returned(self):
        # See gh-5964 and gh-2091. Some of these functions are not operator
        # related and were fixed for other reasons in the past.
        binary_funcs = [
            np.power, np.add, np.subtract, np.multiply, np.divide,
            np.true_divide, np.floor_divide, np.bitwise_and, np.bitwise_or,
            np.bitwise_xor, np.left_shift, np.right_shift, np.fmax,
            np.fmin, np.fmod, np.hypot, np.logaddexp, np.logaddexp2,
            np.logical_and, np.logical_or, np.logical_xor, np.maximum,
            np.minimum, np.mod
            ]

        # These functions still return NotImplemented. Will be fixed in
        # future.
        # bad = [np.greater, np.greater_equal, np.less, np.less_equal, np.not_equal]

        a = np.array('1')
        b = 1
        for f in binary_funcs:
            assert_raises(TypeError, f, a, b) 

Example 44

def test_identity_equality_mismatch(self):
        a = np.array([np.nan], dtype=object)

        with warnings.catch_warnings():
            warnings.filterwarnings('always', '', FutureWarning)
            assert_warns(FutureWarning, np.equal, a, a)
            assert_warns(FutureWarning, np.not_equal, a, a)

        with warnings.catch_warnings():
            warnings.filterwarnings('error', '', FutureWarning)
            assert_raises(FutureWarning, np.equal, a, a)
            assert_raises(FutureWarning, np.not_equal, a, a)
            # And the other do not warn:
            with np.errstate(invalid='ignore'):
                np.less(a, a)
                np.greater(a, a)
                np.less_equal(a, a)
                np.greater_equal(a, a) 

Example 45

def approx(a, b, fill_value=True, rtol=1e-5, atol=1e-8):
    """
    Returns true if all components of a and b are equal to given tolerances.

    If fill_value is True, masked values considered equal. Otherwise,
    masked values are considered unequal.  The relative error rtol should
    be positive and << 1.0 The absolute error atol comes into play for
    those elements of b that are very small or zero; it says how small a
    must be also.

    """
    m = mask_or(getmask(a), getmask(b))
    d1 = filled(a)
    d2 = filled(b)
    if d1.dtype.char == "O" or d2.dtype.char == "O":
        return np.equal(d1, d2).ravel()
    x = filled(masked_array(d1, copy=False, mask=m), fill_value).astype(float_)
    y = filled(masked_array(d2, copy=False, mask=m), 1).astype(float_)
    d = np.less_equal(umath.absolute(x - y), atol + rtol * umath.absolute(y))
    return d.ravel() 

Example 46

def atmax(a,upperlimit,dimension=None,inclusive=1):
    """
   Returns the maximum value of a, along dimension, including only values greater
   than (or equal to, if inclusive=1) upperlimit.  If the limit is set to None,
   a limit larger than the max value in the array is used.
   
   Usage:   atmax(a,upperlimit,dimension=None,inclusive=1)
   """
    if inclusive:         upperfcn = N.less
    else:               upperfcn = N.less_equal
    if dimension == None:
        a = N.ravel(a)
        dimension = 0
    if upperlimit == None:
        upperlimit = N.maximum.reduce(N.ravel(a))+1
    smallest = N.minimum.reduce(N.ravel(a))
    ta = N.where(upperfcn(a,upperlimit),a,smallest)
    return N.maximum.reduce(ta,dimension) 

Example 47

def density_slice(rast, rel=np.less_equal, threshold=1000, nodata=-9999):
    '''
    Returns a density slice from a given raster. Arguments:
        rast        A gdal.Dataset or a NumPy array
        rel         A NumPy logic function; defaults to np.less_equal
        threshold   An integer number
    '''
    # Can accept either a gdal.Dataset or numpy.array instance
    if not isinstance(rast, np.ndarray):
        rastr = rast.ReadAsArray()

    else:
        rastr = rast.copy()

    if (len(rastr.shape) > 2 and min(rastr.shape) > 1):
        raise ValueError('Expected a single-band raster array')

    return np.logical_and(
        rel(rastr, np.ones(rast.shape) * threshold),
        np.not_equal(rastr, np.ones(rast.shape) * nodata)).astype(np.int0) 

Example 48

def parse(cls, func):
        if isinstance(func, six.string_types):
            func = func.lower().strip()
        if func in [np.equal, '=', 'eq', '-eq', '==', 'is', 'equal', 'equal to']:
            return cls.eq
        elif func in [np.not_equal, '<>', 'ne', '-ne', '!=', 'not', 'not_equal', 'not equal to']:
            return cls.ne
        elif func in [np.greater, '>', 'gt', '-gt', 'above', 'after', 'greater', 'greater than']:
            return cls.gt
        elif func in [np.less, '<', 'lt', '-lt', 'below', 'before', 'less', 'less than']:
            return cls.lt
        elif func in [np.greater_equal, '>=', 'ge', '-ge', 'greater_equal', 'greater than or equal to']:
            return cls.ge
        elif func in [np.less_equal, '<=', 'le', '-le', 'less_equal', 'less than or equal to']:
            return cls.le
        raise ValueError('Invalid Comparison name: %s'%func)

#
### Control Condition classes
# 

Example 49

def population_impacted(pop, arg1, operation=None, arg2=None):
    """
    Compute population impacted using using comparison operators.
    For example, find the population impacted when demand < 90% expected.

    Parameters
    -----------
    pop : pd.Series (index = node names)
         A pandas Series that contains population per node

    arg1 : pd.DataFrame (columns = node names) or pd.Series (index = node names)
        Argument 1

    operation : numpy.ufunc
        Numpy universal comparison function, options = np.greater,
        np.greater_equal, np.less, np.less_equal, np.equal, np.not_equal

    arg2 : same size and type as arg1, or a scalar
        Argument 2
    """
    mask = query(arg1, operation, arg2)
    pop_impacted = mask.multiply(pop)

    return pop_impacted 

Example 50

def equal(x1, x2):
    """
    Return (x1 == x2) element-wise.

    Unlike `numpy.equal`, this comparison is performed by first
    stripping whitespace characters from the end of the string.  This
    behavior is provided for backward-compatibility with numarray.

    Parameters
    ----------
    x1, x2 : array_like of str or unicode
        Input arrays of the same shape.

    Returns
    -------
    out : ndarray or bool
        Output array of bools, or a single bool if x1 and x2 are scalars.

    See Also
    --------
    not_equal, greater_equal, less_equal, greater, less
    """
    return compare_chararrays(x1, x2, '==', True) 
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