Python numpy.arcsinh() 使用实例

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Example 1

def test_branch_cuts(self):
        # check branch cuts and continuity on them
        yield _check_branch_cut, np.log,   -0.5, 1j, 1, -1, True
        yield _check_branch_cut, np.log2,  -0.5, 1j, 1, -1, True
        yield _check_branch_cut, np.log10, -0.5, 1j, 1, -1, True
        yield _check_branch_cut, np.log1p, -1.5, 1j, 1, -1, True
        yield _check_branch_cut, np.sqrt,  -0.5, 1j, 1, -1, True

        yield _check_branch_cut, np.arcsin, [ -2, 2],   [1j, 1j], 1, -1, True
        yield _check_branch_cut, np.arccos, [ -2, 2],   [1j, 1j], 1, -1, True
        yield _check_branch_cut, np.arctan, [0-2j, 2j],  [1,  1], -1, 1, True

        yield _check_branch_cut, np.arcsinh, [0-2j,  2j], [1,   1], -1, 1, True
        yield _check_branch_cut, np.arccosh, [ -1, 0.5], [1j,  1j], 1, -1, True
        yield _check_branch_cut, np.arctanh, [ -2,   2], [1j, 1j], 1, -1, True

        # check against bogus branch cuts: assert continuity between quadrants
        yield _check_branch_cut, np.arcsin, [0-2j, 2j], [ 1,  1], 1, 1
        yield _check_branch_cut, np.arccos, [0-2j, 2j], [ 1,  1], 1, 1
        yield _check_branch_cut, np.arctan, [ -2,  2], [1j, 1j], 1, 1

        yield _check_branch_cut, np.arcsinh, [ -2,  2, 0], [1j, 1j, 1], 1, 1
        yield _check_branch_cut, np.arccosh, [0-2j, 2j, 2], [1,  1,  1j], 1, 1
        yield _check_branch_cut, np.arctanh, [0-2j, 2j, 0], [1,  1,  1j], 1, 1 

Example 2

def test_branch_cuts_complex64(self):
        # check branch cuts and continuity on them
        yield _check_branch_cut, np.log,   -0.5, 1j, 1, -1, True, np.complex64
        yield _check_branch_cut, np.log2,  -0.5, 1j, 1, -1, True, np.complex64
        yield _check_branch_cut, np.log10, -0.5, 1j, 1, -1, True, np.complex64
        yield _check_branch_cut, np.log1p, -1.5, 1j, 1, -1, True, np.complex64
        yield _check_branch_cut, np.sqrt,  -0.5, 1j, 1, -1, True, np.complex64

        yield _check_branch_cut, np.arcsin, [ -2, 2],   [1j, 1j], 1, -1, True, np.complex64
        yield _check_branch_cut, np.arccos, [ -2, 2],   [1j, 1j], 1, -1, True, np.complex64
        yield _check_branch_cut, np.arctan, [0-2j, 2j],  [1,  1], -1, 1, True, np.complex64

        yield _check_branch_cut, np.arcsinh, [0-2j,  2j], [1,   1], -1, 1, True, np.complex64
        yield _check_branch_cut, np.arccosh, [ -1, 0.5], [1j,  1j], 1, -1, True, np.complex64
        yield _check_branch_cut, np.arctanh, [ -2,   2], [1j, 1j], 1, -1, True, np.complex64

        # check against bogus branch cuts: assert continuity between quadrants
        yield _check_branch_cut, np.arcsin, [0-2j, 2j], [ 1,  1], 1, 1, False, np.complex64
        yield _check_branch_cut, np.arccos, [0-2j, 2j], [ 1,  1], 1, 1, False, np.complex64
        yield _check_branch_cut, np.arctan, [ -2,  2], [1j, 1j], 1, 1, False, np.complex64

        yield _check_branch_cut, np.arcsinh, [ -2,  2, 0], [1j, 1j, 1], 1, 1, False, np.complex64
        yield _check_branch_cut, np.arccosh, [0-2j, 2j, 2], [1,  1,  1j], 1, 1, False, np.complex64
        yield _check_branch_cut, np.arctanh, [0-2j, 2j, 0], [1,  1,  1j], 1, 1, False, np.complex64 

Example 3

def test_against_cmath(self):
        import cmath

        points = [-1-1j, -1+1j, +1-1j, +1+1j]
        name_map = {'arcsin': 'asin', 'arccos': 'acos', 'arctan': 'atan',
                    'arcsinh': 'asinh', 'arccosh': 'acosh', 'arctanh': 'atanh'}
        atol = 4*np.finfo(np.complex).eps
        for func in self.funcs:
            fname = func.__name__.split('.')[-1]
            cname = name_map.get(fname, fname)
            try:
                cfunc = getattr(cmath, cname)
            except AttributeError:
                continue
            for p in points:
                a = complex(func(np.complex_(p)))
                b = cfunc(p)
                assert_(abs(a - b) < atol, "%s %s: %s; cmath: %s" % (fname, p, a, b)) 

Example 4

def age(self, z):
        """
        Cosmic time (age) at redshift z.

        Parameters
        ----------
        z : `~numpy.ndarray`
            Redshift

        Returns
        -------
        age : `~numpy.ndarray`
            Age of the universe (cosmic time) at the given redshift.
            Unit: [Gyr]

        References: Ref.[thomas2000],Eq.(18)
        """
        z = np.asarray(z)
        t_H = self.hubble_time
        t = ((2*t_H / 3 / np.sqrt(1-self.Om0)) *
             np.arcsinh(np.sqrt((1/self.Om0 - 1) / (1+z)**3)))
        return t 

Example 5

def test_branch_cuts(self):
        # check branch cuts and continuity on them
        yield _check_branch_cut, np.log,   -0.5, 1j, 1, -1, True
        yield _check_branch_cut, np.log2,  -0.5, 1j, 1, -1, True
        yield _check_branch_cut, np.log10, -0.5, 1j, 1, -1, True
        yield _check_branch_cut, np.log1p, -1.5, 1j, 1, -1, True
        yield _check_branch_cut, np.sqrt,  -0.5, 1j, 1, -1, True

        yield _check_branch_cut, np.arcsin, [ -2, 2],   [1j, 1j], 1, -1, True
        yield _check_branch_cut, np.arccos, [ -2, 2],   [1j, 1j], 1, -1, True
        yield _check_branch_cut, np.arctan, [0-2j, 2j],  [1,  1], -1, 1, True

        yield _check_branch_cut, np.arcsinh, [0-2j,  2j], [1,   1], -1, 1, True
        yield _check_branch_cut, np.arccosh, [ -1, 0.5], [1j,  1j], 1, -1, True
        yield _check_branch_cut, np.arctanh, [ -2,   2], [1j, 1j], 1, -1, True

        # check against bogus branch cuts: assert continuity between quadrants
        yield _check_branch_cut, np.arcsin, [0-2j, 2j], [ 1,  1], 1, 1
        yield _check_branch_cut, np.arccos, [0-2j, 2j], [ 1,  1], 1, 1
        yield _check_branch_cut, np.arctan, [ -2,  2], [1j, 1j], 1, 1

        yield _check_branch_cut, np.arcsinh, [ -2,  2, 0], [1j, 1j, 1], 1, 1
        yield _check_branch_cut, np.arccosh, [0-2j, 2j, 2], [1,  1,  1j], 1, 1
        yield _check_branch_cut, np.arctanh, [0-2j, 2j, 0], [1,  1,  1j], 1, 1 

Example 6

def test_branch_cuts_complex64(self):
        # check branch cuts and continuity on them
        yield _check_branch_cut, np.log,   -0.5, 1j, 1, -1, True, np.complex64
        yield _check_branch_cut, np.log2,  -0.5, 1j, 1, -1, True, np.complex64
        yield _check_branch_cut, np.log10, -0.5, 1j, 1, -1, True, np.complex64
        yield _check_branch_cut, np.log1p, -1.5, 1j, 1, -1, True, np.complex64
        yield _check_branch_cut, np.sqrt,  -0.5, 1j, 1, -1, True, np.complex64

        yield _check_branch_cut, np.arcsin, [ -2, 2],   [1j, 1j], 1, -1, True, np.complex64
        yield _check_branch_cut, np.arccos, [ -2, 2],   [1j, 1j], 1, -1, True, np.complex64
        yield _check_branch_cut, np.arctan, [0-2j, 2j],  [1,  1], -1, 1, True, np.complex64

        yield _check_branch_cut, np.arcsinh, [0-2j,  2j], [1,   1], -1, 1, True, np.complex64
        yield _check_branch_cut, np.arccosh, [ -1, 0.5], [1j,  1j], 1, -1, True, np.complex64
        yield _check_branch_cut, np.arctanh, [ -2,   2], [1j, 1j], 1, -1, True, np.complex64

        # check against bogus branch cuts: assert continuity between quadrants
        yield _check_branch_cut, np.arcsin, [0-2j, 2j], [ 1,  1], 1, 1, False, np.complex64
        yield _check_branch_cut, np.arccos, [0-2j, 2j], [ 1,  1], 1, 1, False, np.complex64
        yield _check_branch_cut, np.arctan, [ -2,  2], [1j, 1j], 1, 1, False, np.complex64

        yield _check_branch_cut, np.arcsinh, [ -2,  2, 0], [1j, 1j, 1], 1, 1, False, np.complex64
        yield _check_branch_cut, np.arccosh, [0-2j, 2j, 2], [1,  1,  1j], 1, 1, False, np.complex64
        yield _check_branch_cut, np.arctanh, [0-2j, 2j, 0], [1,  1,  1j], 1, 1, False, np.complex64 

Example 7

def test_against_cmath(self):
        import cmath

        points = [-1-1j, -1+1j, +1-1j, +1+1j]
        name_map = {'arcsin': 'asin', 'arccos': 'acos', 'arctan': 'atan',
                    'arcsinh': 'asinh', 'arccosh': 'acosh', 'arctanh': 'atanh'}
        atol = 4*np.finfo(np.complex).eps
        for func in self.funcs:
            fname = func.__name__.split('.')[-1]
            cname = name_map.get(fname, fname)
            try:
                cfunc = getattr(cmath, cname)
            except AttributeError:
                continue
            for p in points:
                a = complex(func(np.complex_(p)))
                b = cfunc(p)
                assert_(abs(a - b) < atol, "%s %s: %s; cmath: %s" % (fname, p, a, b)) 

Example 8

def test_branch_cuts(self):
        # check branch cuts and continuity on them
        yield _check_branch_cut, np.log,   -0.5, 1j, 1, -1, True
        yield _check_branch_cut, np.log2,  -0.5, 1j, 1, -1, True
        yield _check_branch_cut, np.log10, -0.5, 1j, 1, -1, True
        yield _check_branch_cut, np.log1p, -1.5, 1j, 1, -1, True
        yield _check_branch_cut, np.sqrt,  -0.5, 1j, 1, -1, True

        yield _check_branch_cut, np.arcsin, [ -2, 2],   [1j, 1j], 1, -1, True
        yield _check_branch_cut, np.arccos, [ -2, 2],   [1j, 1j], 1, -1, True
        yield _check_branch_cut, np.arctan, [0-2j, 2j],  [1,  1], -1, 1, True

        yield _check_branch_cut, np.arcsinh, [0-2j,  2j], [1,   1], -1, 1, True
        yield _check_branch_cut, np.arccosh, [ -1, 0.5], [1j,  1j], 1, -1, True
        yield _check_branch_cut, np.arctanh, [ -2,   2], [1j, 1j], 1, -1, True

        # check against bogus branch cuts: assert continuity between quadrants
        yield _check_branch_cut, np.arcsin, [0-2j, 2j], [ 1,  1], 1, 1
        yield _check_branch_cut, np.arccos, [0-2j, 2j], [ 1,  1], 1, 1
        yield _check_branch_cut, np.arctan, [ -2,  2], [1j, 1j], 1, 1

        yield _check_branch_cut, np.arcsinh, [ -2,  2, 0], [1j, 1j, 1], 1, 1
        yield _check_branch_cut, np.arccosh, [0-2j, 2j, 2], [1,  1,  1j], 1, 1
        yield _check_branch_cut, np.arctanh, [0-2j, 2j, 0], [1,  1,  1j], 1, 1 

Example 9

def test_branch_cuts_complex64(self):
        # check branch cuts and continuity on them
        yield _check_branch_cut, np.log,   -0.5, 1j, 1, -1, True, np.complex64
        yield _check_branch_cut, np.log2,  -0.5, 1j, 1, -1, True, np.complex64
        yield _check_branch_cut, np.log10, -0.5, 1j, 1, -1, True, np.complex64
        yield _check_branch_cut, np.log1p, -1.5, 1j, 1, -1, True, np.complex64
        yield _check_branch_cut, np.sqrt,  -0.5, 1j, 1, -1, True, np.complex64

        yield _check_branch_cut, np.arcsin, [ -2, 2],   [1j, 1j], 1, -1, True, np.complex64
        yield _check_branch_cut, np.arccos, [ -2, 2],   [1j, 1j], 1, -1, True, np.complex64
        yield _check_branch_cut, np.arctan, [0-2j, 2j],  [1,  1], -1, 1, True, np.complex64

        yield _check_branch_cut, np.arcsinh, [0-2j,  2j], [1,   1], -1, 1, True, np.complex64
        yield _check_branch_cut, np.arccosh, [ -1, 0.5], [1j,  1j], 1, -1, True, np.complex64
        yield _check_branch_cut, np.arctanh, [ -2,   2], [1j, 1j], 1, -1, True, np.complex64

        # check against bogus branch cuts: assert continuity between quadrants
        yield _check_branch_cut, np.arcsin, [0-2j, 2j], [ 1,  1], 1, 1, False, np.complex64
        yield _check_branch_cut, np.arccos, [0-2j, 2j], [ 1,  1], 1, 1, False, np.complex64
        yield _check_branch_cut, np.arctan, [ -2,  2], [1j, 1j], 1, 1, False, np.complex64

        yield _check_branch_cut, np.arcsinh, [ -2,  2, 0], [1j, 1j, 1], 1, 1, False, np.complex64
        yield _check_branch_cut, np.arccosh, [0-2j, 2j, 2], [1,  1,  1j], 1, 1, False, np.complex64
        yield _check_branch_cut, np.arctanh, [0-2j, 2j, 0], [1,  1,  1j], 1, 1, False, np.complex64 

Example 10

def test_against_cmath(self):
        import cmath

        points = [-1-1j, -1+1j, +1-1j, +1+1j]
        name_map = {'arcsin': 'asin', 'arccos': 'acos', 'arctan': 'atan',
                    'arcsinh': 'asinh', 'arccosh': 'acosh', 'arctanh': 'atanh'}
        atol = 4*np.finfo(np.complex).eps
        for func in self.funcs:
            fname = func.__name__.split('.')[-1]
            cname = name_map.get(fname, fname)
            try:
                cfunc = getattr(cmath, cname)
            except AttributeError:
                continue
            for p in points:
                a = complex(func(np.complex_(p)))
                b = cfunc(p)
                assert_(abs(a - b) < atol, "%s %s: %s; cmath: %s" % (fname, p, a, b)) 

Example 11

def test_branch_cuts(self):
        # check branch cuts and continuity on them
        yield _check_branch_cut, np.log,   -0.5, 1j, 1, -1, True
        yield _check_branch_cut, np.log2,  -0.5, 1j, 1, -1, True
        yield _check_branch_cut, np.log10, -0.5, 1j, 1, -1, True
        yield _check_branch_cut, np.log1p, -1.5, 1j, 1, -1, True
        yield _check_branch_cut, np.sqrt,  -0.5, 1j, 1, -1, True

        yield _check_branch_cut, np.arcsin, [ -2, 2],   [1j, 1j], 1, -1, True
        yield _check_branch_cut, np.arccos, [ -2, 2],   [1j, 1j], 1, -1, True
        yield _check_branch_cut, np.arctan, [0-2j, 2j],  [1,  1], -1, 1, True

        yield _check_branch_cut, np.arcsinh, [0-2j,  2j], [1,   1], -1, 1, True
        yield _check_branch_cut, np.arccosh, [ -1, 0.5], [1j,  1j], 1, -1, True
        yield _check_branch_cut, np.arctanh, [ -2,   2], [1j, 1j], 1, -1, True

        # check against bogus branch cuts: assert continuity between quadrants
        yield _check_branch_cut, np.arcsin, [0-2j, 2j], [ 1,  1], 1, 1
        yield _check_branch_cut, np.arccos, [0-2j, 2j], [ 1,  1], 1, 1
        yield _check_branch_cut, np.arctan, [ -2,  2], [1j, 1j], 1, 1

        yield _check_branch_cut, np.arcsinh, [ -2,  2, 0], [1j, 1j, 1], 1, 1
        yield _check_branch_cut, np.arccosh, [0-2j, 2j, 2], [1,  1,  1j], 1, 1
        yield _check_branch_cut, np.arctanh, [0-2j, 2j, 0], [1,  1,  1j], 1, 1 

Example 12

def test_branch_cuts_complex64(self):
        # check branch cuts and continuity on them
        yield _check_branch_cut, np.log,   -0.5, 1j, 1, -1, True, np.complex64
        yield _check_branch_cut, np.log2,  -0.5, 1j, 1, -1, True, np.complex64
        yield _check_branch_cut, np.log10, -0.5, 1j, 1, -1, True, np.complex64
        yield _check_branch_cut, np.log1p, -1.5, 1j, 1, -1, True, np.complex64
        yield _check_branch_cut, np.sqrt,  -0.5, 1j, 1, -1, True, np.complex64

        yield _check_branch_cut, np.arcsin, [ -2, 2],   [1j, 1j], 1, -1, True, np.complex64
        yield _check_branch_cut, np.arccos, [ -2, 2],   [1j, 1j], 1, -1, True, np.complex64
        yield _check_branch_cut, np.arctan, [0-2j, 2j],  [1,  1], -1, 1, True, np.complex64

        yield _check_branch_cut, np.arcsinh, [0-2j,  2j], [1,   1], -1, 1, True, np.complex64
        yield _check_branch_cut, np.arccosh, [ -1, 0.5], [1j,  1j], 1, -1, True, np.complex64
        yield _check_branch_cut, np.arctanh, [ -2,   2], [1j, 1j], 1, -1, True, np.complex64

        # check against bogus branch cuts: assert continuity between quadrants
        yield _check_branch_cut, np.arcsin, [0-2j, 2j], [ 1,  1], 1, 1, False, np.complex64
        yield _check_branch_cut, np.arccos, [0-2j, 2j], [ 1,  1], 1, 1, False, np.complex64
        yield _check_branch_cut, np.arctan, [ -2,  2], [1j, 1j], 1, 1, False, np.complex64

        yield _check_branch_cut, np.arcsinh, [ -2,  2, 0], [1j, 1j, 1], 1, 1, False, np.complex64
        yield _check_branch_cut, np.arccosh, [0-2j, 2j, 2], [1,  1,  1j], 1, 1, False, np.complex64
        yield _check_branch_cut, np.arctanh, [0-2j, 2j, 0], [1,  1,  1j], 1, 1, False, np.complex64 

Example 13

def test_against_cmath(self):
        import cmath

        points = [-1-1j, -1+1j, +1-1j, +1+1j]
        name_map = {'arcsin': 'asin', 'arccos': 'acos', 'arctan': 'atan',
                    'arcsinh': 'asinh', 'arccosh': 'acosh', 'arctanh': 'atanh'}
        atol = 4*np.finfo(np.complex).eps
        for func in self.funcs:
            fname = func.__name__.split('.')[-1]
            cname = name_map.get(fname, fname)
            try:
                cfunc = getattr(cmath, cname)
            except AttributeError:
                continue
            for p in points:
                a = complex(func(np.complex_(p)))
                b = cfunc(p)
                assert_(abs(a - b) < atol, "%s %s: %s; cmath: %s" % (fname, p, a, b)) 

Example 14

def test_branch_cuts(self):
        # check branch cuts and continuity on them
        yield _check_branch_cut, np.log,   -0.5, 1j, 1, -1, True
        yield _check_branch_cut, np.log2,  -0.5, 1j, 1, -1, True
        yield _check_branch_cut, np.log10, -0.5, 1j, 1, -1, True
        yield _check_branch_cut, np.log1p, -1.5, 1j, 1, -1, True
        yield _check_branch_cut, np.sqrt,  -0.5, 1j, 1, -1, True

        yield _check_branch_cut, np.arcsin, [ -2, 2],   [1j, 1j], 1, -1, True
        yield _check_branch_cut, np.arccos, [ -2, 2],   [1j, 1j], 1, -1, True
        yield _check_branch_cut, np.arctan, [0-2j, 2j],  [1,  1], -1, 1, True

        yield _check_branch_cut, np.arcsinh, [0-2j,  2j], [1,   1], -1, 1, True
        yield _check_branch_cut, np.arccosh, [ -1, 0.5], [1j,  1j], 1, -1, True
        yield _check_branch_cut, np.arctanh, [ -2,   2], [1j, 1j], 1, -1, True

        # check against bogus branch cuts: assert continuity between quadrants
        yield _check_branch_cut, np.arcsin, [0-2j, 2j], [ 1,  1], 1, 1
        yield _check_branch_cut, np.arccos, [0-2j, 2j], [ 1,  1], 1, 1
        yield _check_branch_cut, np.arctan, [ -2,  2], [1j, 1j], 1, 1

        yield _check_branch_cut, np.arcsinh, [ -2,  2, 0], [1j, 1j, 1], 1, 1
        yield _check_branch_cut, np.arccosh, [0-2j, 2j, 2], [1,  1,  1j], 1, 1
        yield _check_branch_cut, np.arctanh, [0-2j, 2j, 0], [1,  1,  1j], 1, 1 

Example 15

def test_branch_cuts_complex64(self):
        # check branch cuts and continuity on them
        yield _check_branch_cut, np.log,   -0.5, 1j, 1, -1, True, np.complex64
        yield _check_branch_cut, np.log2,  -0.5, 1j, 1, -1, True, np.complex64
        yield _check_branch_cut, np.log10, -0.5, 1j, 1, -1, True, np.complex64
        yield _check_branch_cut, np.log1p, -1.5, 1j, 1, -1, True, np.complex64
        yield _check_branch_cut, np.sqrt,  -0.5, 1j, 1, -1, True, np.complex64

        yield _check_branch_cut, np.arcsin, [ -2, 2],   [1j, 1j], 1, -1, True, np.complex64
        yield _check_branch_cut, np.arccos, [ -2, 2],   [1j, 1j], 1, -1, True, np.complex64
        yield _check_branch_cut, np.arctan, [0-2j, 2j],  [1,  1], -1, 1, True, np.complex64

        yield _check_branch_cut, np.arcsinh, [0-2j,  2j], [1,   1], -1, 1, True, np.complex64
        yield _check_branch_cut, np.arccosh, [ -1, 0.5], [1j,  1j], 1, -1, True, np.complex64
        yield _check_branch_cut, np.arctanh, [ -2,   2], [1j, 1j], 1, -1, True, np.complex64

        # check against bogus branch cuts: assert continuity between quadrants
        yield _check_branch_cut, np.arcsin, [0-2j, 2j], [ 1,  1], 1, 1, False, np.complex64
        yield _check_branch_cut, np.arccos, [0-2j, 2j], [ 1,  1], 1, 1, False, np.complex64
        yield _check_branch_cut, np.arctan, [ -2,  2], [1j, 1j], 1, 1, False, np.complex64

        yield _check_branch_cut, np.arcsinh, [ -2,  2, 0], [1j, 1j, 1], 1, 1, False, np.complex64
        yield _check_branch_cut, np.arccosh, [0-2j, 2j, 2], [1,  1,  1j], 1, 1, False, np.complex64
        yield _check_branch_cut, np.arctanh, [0-2j, 2j, 0], [1,  1,  1j], 1, 1, False, np.complex64 

Example 16

def test_against_cmath(self):
        import cmath

        points = [-1-1j, -1+1j, +1-1j, +1+1j]
        name_map = {'arcsin': 'asin', 'arccos': 'acos', 'arctan': 'atan',
                    'arcsinh': 'asinh', 'arccosh': 'acosh', 'arctanh': 'atanh'}
        atol = 4*np.finfo(np.complex).eps
        for func in self.funcs:
            fname = func.__name__.split('.')[-1]
            cname = name_map.get(fname, fname)
            try:
                cfunc = getattr(cmath, cname)
            except AttributeError:
                continue
            for p in points:
                a = complex(func(np.complex_(p)))
                b = cfunc(p)
                assert_(abs(a - b) < atol, "%s %s: %s; cmath: %s" % (fname, p, a, b)) 

Example 17

def test_branch_cuts(self):
        # check branch cuts and continuity on them
        yield _check_branch_cut, np.log,   -0.5, 1j, 1, -1, True
        yield _check_branch_cut, np.log2,  -0.5, 1j, 1, -1, True
        yield _check_branch_cut, np.log10, -0.5, 1j, 1, -1, True
        yield _check_branch_cut, np.log1p, -1.5, 1j, 1, -1, True
        yield _check_branch_cut, np.sqrt,  -0.5, 1j, 1, -1, True

        yield _check_branch_cut, np.arcsin, [ -2, 2],   [1j, 1j], 1, -1, True
        yield _check_branch_cut, np.arccos, [ -2, 2],   [1j, 1j], 1, -1, True
        yield _check_branch_cut, np.arctan, [0-2j, 2j],  [1,  1], -1, 1, True

        yield _check_branch_cut, np.arcsinh, [0-2j,  2j], [1,   1], -1, 1, True
        yield _check_branch_cut, np.arccosh, [ -1, 0.5], [1j,  1j], 1, -1, True
        yield _check_branch_cut, np.arctanh, [ -2,   2], [1j, 1j], 1, -1, True

        # check against bogus branch cuts: assert continuity between quadrants
        yield _check_branch_cut, np.arcsin, [0-2j, 2j], [ 1,  1], 1, 1
        yield _check_branch_cut, np.arccos, [0-2j, 2j], [ 1,  1], 1, 1
        yield _check_branch_cut, np.arctan, [ -2,  2], [1j, 1j], 1, 1

        yield _check_branch_cut, np.arcsinh, [ -2,  2, 0], [1j, 1j, 1], 1, 1
        yield _check_branch_cut, np.arccosh, [0-2j, 2j, 2], [1,  1,  1j], 1, 1
        yield _check_branch_cut, np.arctanh, [0-2j, 2j, 0], [1,  1,  1j], 1, 1 

Example 18

def test_branch_cuts_complex64(self):
        # check branch cuts and continuity on them
        yield _check_branch_cut, np.log,   -0.5, 1j, 1, -1, True, np.complex64
        yield _check_branch_cut, np.log2,  -0.5, 1j, 1, -1, True, np.complex64
        yield _check_branch_cut, np.log10, -0.5, 1j, 1, -1, True, np.complex64
        yield _check_branch_cut, np.log1p, -1.5, 1j, 1, -1, True, np.complex64
        yield _check_branch_cut, np.sqrt,  -0.5, 1j, 1, -1, True, np.complex64

        yield _check_branch_cut, np.arcsin, [ -2, 2],   [1j, 1j], 1, -1, True, np.complex64
        yield _check_branch_cut, np.arccos, [ -2, 2],   [1j, 1j], 1, -1, True, np.complex64
        yield _check_branch_cut, np.arctan, [0-2j, 2j],  [1,  1], -1, 1, True, np.complex64

        yield _check_branch_cut, np.arcsinh, [0-2j,  2j], [1,   1], -1, 1, True, np.complex64
        yield _check_branch_cut, np.arccosh, [ -1, 0.5], [1j,  1j], 1, -1, True, np.complex64
        yield _check_branch_cut, np.arctanh, [ -2,   2], [1j, 1j], 1, -1, True, np.complex64

        # check against bogus branch cuts: assert continuity between quadrants
        yield _check_branch_cut, np.arcsin, [0-2j, 2j], [ 1,  1], 1, 1, False, np.complex64
        yield _check_branch_cut, np.arccos, [0-2j, 2j], [ 1,  1], 1, 1, False, np.complex64
        yield _check_branch_cut, np.arctan, [ -2,  2], [1j, 1j], 1, 1, False, np.complex64

        yield _check_branch_cut, np.arcsinh, [ -2,  2, 0], [1j, 1j, 1], 1, 1, False, np.complex64
        yield _check_branch_cut, np.arccosh, [0-2j, 2j, 2], [1,  1,  1j], 1, 1, False, np.complex64
        yield _check_branch_cut, np.arctanh, [0-2j, 2j, 0], [1,  1,  1j], 1, 1, False, np.complex64 

Example 19

def test_against_cmath(self):
        import cmath

        points = [-1-1j, -1+1j, +1-1j, +1+1j]
        name_map = {'arcsin': 'asin', 'arccos': 'acos', 'arctan': 'atan',
                    'arcsinh': 'asinh', 'arccosh': 'acosh', 'arctanh': 'atanh'}
        atol = 4*np.finfo(np.complex).eps
        for func in self.funcs:
            fname = func.__name__.split('.')[-1]
            cname = name_map.get(fname, fname)
            try:
                cfunc = getattr(cmath, cname)
            except AttributeError:
                continue
            for p in points:
                a = complex(func(np.complex_(p)))
                b = cfunc(p)
                assert_(abs(a - b) < atol, "%s %s: %s; cmath: %s" % (fname, p, a, b)) 

Example 20

def test_branch_cuts(self):
        # check branch cuts and continuity on them
        yield _check_branch_cut, np.log,   -0.5, 1j, 1, -1, True
        yield _check_branch_cut, np.log2,  -0.5, 1j, 1, -1, True
        yield _check_branch_cut, np.log10, -0.5, 1j, 1, -1, True
        yield _check_branch_cut, np.log1p, -1.5, 1j, 1, -1, True
        yield _check_branch_cut, np.sqrt,  -0.5, 1j, 1, -1, True

        yield _check_branch_cut, np.arcsin, [ -2, 2],   [1j, 1j], 1, -1, True
        yield _check_branch_cut, np.arccos, [ -2, 2],   [1j, 1j], 1, -1, True
        yield _check_branch_cut, np.arctan, [0-2j, 2j],  [1,  1], -1, 1, True

        yield _check_branch_cut, np.arcsinh, [0-2j,  2j], [1,   1], -1, 1, True
        yield _check_branch_cut, np.arccosh, [ -1, 0.5], [1j,  1j], 1, -1, True
        yield _check_branch_cut, np.arctanh, [ -2,   2], [1j, 1j], 1, -1, True

        # check against bogus branch cuts: assert continuity between quadrants
        yield _check_branch_cut, np.arcsin, [0-2j, 2j], [ 1,  1], 1, 1
        yield _check_branch_cut, np.arccos, [0-2j, 2j], [ 1,  1], 1, 1
        yield _check_branch_cut, np.arctan, [ -2,  2], [1j, 1j], 1, 1

        yield _check_branch_cut, np.arcsinh, [ -2,  2, 0], [1j, 1j, 1], 1, 1
        yield _check_branch_cut, np.arccosh, [0-2j, 2j, 2], [1,  1,  1j], 1, 1
        yield _check_branch_cut, np.arctanh, [0-2j, 2j, 0], [1,  1,  1j], 1, 1 

Example 21

def test_branch_cuts_complex64(self):
        # check branch cuts and continuity on them
        yield _check_branch_cut, np.log,   -0.5, 1j, 1, -1, True, np.complex64
        yield _check_branch_cut, np.log2,  -0.5, 1j, 1, -1, True, np.complex64
        yield _check_branch_cut, np.log10, -0.5, 1j, 1, -1, True, np.complex64
        yield _check_branch_cut, np.log1p, -1.5, 1j, 1, -1, True, np.complex64
        yield _check_branch_cut, np.sqrt,  -0.5, 1j, 1, -1, True, np.complex64

        yield _check_branch_cut, np.arcsin, [ -2, 2],   [1j, 1j], 1, -1, True, np.complex64
        yield _check_branch_cut, np.arccos, [ -2, 2],   [1j, 1j], 1, -1, True, np.complex64
        yield _check_branch_cut, np.arctan, [0-2j, 2j],  [1,  1], -1, 1, True, np.complex64

        yield _check_branch_cut, np.arcsinh, [0-2j,  2j], [1,   1], -1, 1, True, np.complex64
        yield _check_branch_cut, np.arccosh, [ -1, 0.5], [1j,  1j], 1, -1, True, np.complex64
        yield _check_branch_cut, np.arctanh, [ -2,   2], [1j, 1j], 1, -1, True, np.complex64

        # check against bogus branch cuts: assert continuity between quadrants
        yield _check_branch_cut, np.arcsin, [0-2j, 2j], [ 1,  1], 1, 1, False, np.complex64
        yield _check_branch_cut, np.arccos, [0-2j, 2j], [ 1,  1], 1, 1, False, np.complex64
        yield _check_branch_cut, np.arctan, [ -2,  2], [1j, 1j], 1, 1, False, np.complex64

        yield _check_branch_cut, np.arcsinh, [ -2,  2, 0], [1j, 1j, 1], 1, 1, False, np.complex64
        yield _check_branch_cut, np.arccosh, [0-2j, 2j, 2], [1,  1,  1j], 1, 1, False, np.complex64
        yield _check_branch_cut, np.arctanh, [0-2j, 2j, 0], [1,  1,  1j], 1, 1, False, np.complex64 

Example 22

def test_against_cmath(self):
        import cmath

        points = [-1-1j, -1+1j, +1-1j, +1+1j]
        name_map = {'arcsin': 'asin', 'arccos': 'acos', 'arctan': 'atan',
                    'arcsinh': 'asinh', 'arccosh': 'acosh', 'arctanh': 'atanh'}
        atol = 4*np.finfo(np.complex).eps
        for func in self.funcs:
            fname = func.__name__.split('.')[-1]
            cname = name_map.get(fname, fname)
            try:
                cfunc = getattr(cmath, cname)
            except AttributeError:
                continue
            for p in points:
                a = complex(func(np.complex_(p)))
                b = cfunc(p)
                assert_(abs(a - b) < atol, "%s %s: %s; cmath: %s" % (fname, p, a, b)) 

Example 23

def asinh(v):
    return v.__class__(numpy.arcsinh(v)) 

Example 24

def age(R):
    H0 = 2.3e-18
    OmegaM0 = 0.27
    yr = 365.25 * 24 * 3600
    T0 = 13.7e9
    return T0 - (2./3./H0/np.sqrt(1-OmegaM0)) * np.arcsinh(np.sqrt( (1/OmegaM0-1)*R**3 )) / yr

# return the radius of a particle (in kpc) given its mass (in Msun) and density (in Msun/kpc3) 

Example 25

def age(R):
    H0 = 2.3e-18
    OmegaM0 = 0.27
    yr = 365.25 * 24 * 3600
    T0 = 13.7e9
    return T0 - (2./3./H0/np.sqrt(1-OmegaM0)) * np.arcsinh(np.sqrt( (1/OmegaM0-1)*R**3 )) / yr

## This private helper function returns the periodicity corrected coordinates input as a (N,3)
# numpy array, and takes the box size (in units of crds) and a test length in units of box size 

Example 26

def age(R):
    H0 = 2.3e-18
    OmegaM0 = 0.27
    yr = 365.25 * 24 * 3600
    T0 = 13.7e9
    return T0 - (2./3./H0/np.sqrt(1-OmegaM0)) * np.arcsinh(np.sqrt( (1/OmegaM0-1)*R**3 )) / yr

# return the radius of a particle (in kpc) given its mass (in Msun) and density (in Msun/kpc3) 

Example 27

def age(R):
    H0 = 2.3e-18
    OmegaM0 = 0.27
    yr = 365.25 * 24 * 3600
    T0 = 13.7e9
    return T0 - (2./3./H0/np.sqrt(1-OmegaM0)) * np.arcsinh(np.sqrt( (1/OmegaM0-1)*R**3 )) / yr

## This private helper function returns the periodicity corrected coordinates input as a (N,3)
# numpy array, and takes the box size (in units of crds) and a test length in units of box size 

Example 28

def test_quadratic(self):
        self._scipy_skip()
        nodes = np.asfortranarray([
            [0.0, 0.0],
            [1.0, 2.0],
            [2.0, 0.0],
        ])
        length = self._call_function_under_test(nodes)
        # 2 INT_0^1 SQRT(16 s^2  - 16 s + 5) ds = SQRT(5) + sinh^{-1}(2)/2
        arcs2 = np.arcsinh(2.0)  # pylint: disable=no-member
        expected = np.sqrt(5.0) + 0.5 * arcs2
        local_eps = abs(SPACING(expected))
        self.assertAlmostEqual(length, expected, delta=local_eps) 

Example 29

def HybridMag(flux_parameter, band, index=None):
    """Returns a hybrid property describing an asinh magnitude.

    ``flux_parameter`` must be a column with a flux in nanomaggies. ``band`` is
    the band name, to determine the softening parameter. If ``flux_parameter``
    is and array, ``index`` defines the position of ``band`` within the array.

    """

    @hybrid_property
    def hybridMag(self):
        if index is not None:
            flux = getattr(self, flux_parameter)[index]
        else:
            flux = getattr(self, flux_parameter)

        flux *= 1e-9  # From nanomaggies to maggies
        bb_band = bb[band]
        asinh_mag = -2.5 / np.log(10) * (np.arcsinh(flux / (2. * bb_band)) + np.log(bb_band))
        return asinh_mag

    @hybridMag.expression
    def hybridMag(cls):
        if index is not None:
            # It needs to be index + 1 because Postgresql arrays are 1-indexed.
            flux = getattr(cls, flux_parameter)[index + 1]
        else:
            flux = getattr(cls, flux_parameter)

        flux *= 1e-9
        bb_band = bb[band]
        xx = flux / (2. * bb_band)
        asinh_mag = (-2.5 / func.log(10) *
                     (func.log(xx + func.sqrt(func.pow(xx, 2) + 1)) + func.log(bb_band)))
        return cast(asinh_mag, Float)

    return hybridMag 

Example 30

def compute_psi(b2, l_eff_a, f_ch, channel_index, interfering_index, rs):
    """ compute_psi computes the psi coefficient of the analytical formula.

    :param b2: Fiber dispersion coefficient in ps/THz/km. Scalar
    :param l_eff_a: Asymptotic effective length in km. Scalar
    :param f_ch: Baseband channels center frequencies in THz. Array of size 1xNch
    :param channel_index: Index of the channel. Scalar
    :param interfering_index: Index of the interfering signal. Scalar
    :param rs: Channels' Symbol Rates in TBaud. Array of size 1xNch
    :return: psi: the coefficient
    """
    b2 = np.abs(b2)

    if channel_index == interfering_index:  # The signal interfere with itself
        rs_sig = rs[channel_index]
        psi = np.arcsinh(0.5 * np.pi ** 2 * l_eff_a * b2 * rs_sig ** 2)
    else:
        f_sig = f_ch[channel_index]
        rs_sig = rs[channel_index]
        f_int = f_ch[interfering_index]
        rs_int = rs[interfering_index]
        del_f = f_sig - f_int
        psi = np.arcsinh(np.pi ** 2 * l_eff_a * b2 * rs_sig * (del_f + 0.5 * rs_int))
        psi -= np.arcsinh(np.pi ** 2 * l_eff_a * b2 * rs_sig * (del_f - 0.5 * rs_int))

    return psi 

Example 31

def _latlon_to_tile(lat, lon, zoom):
  n = 2 ** zoom
  x = n * (lon + 180) / 360.
  y = n * (1 - (np.arcsinh(np.tan(np.deg2rad(lat))) / np.pi)) / 2.
  return int(x), int(y) 

Example 32

def asinhmag(flux, fluxerr,  m0 = 22.5, f0=1.0, b=0.01):
	"""
	Implements
	http://ssg.astro.washington.edu/elsst/opsim.shtml?lightcurve_mags
	"""

	mag = m0 -(2.5/np.log(10.)) * ( np.arcsinh( flux / (f0 * 2.0 * b)) + np.log(b) )
	
	magplu = m0 -(2.5/np.log(10.)) * ( np.arcsinh( (flux+fluxerr) / (f0 * 2.0 * b)) + np.log(b) )
	magmin = m0 -(2.5/np.log(10.)) * ( np.arcsinh( (flux-fluxerr) / (f0 * 2.0 * b)) + np.log(b) )
	magerr = 0.5*(magmin - magplu)
	
	return (mag, magerr) 

Example 33

def adjust(origin):
    img = origin.copy()
    img[img>4] = 4
    img[img < -0.1] = -0.1
    MIN = np.min(img)
    MAX = np.max(img)
    img = np.arcsinh(10*(img - MIN)/(MAX-MIN))/3
    return img 

Example 34

def hz2bark(self, f):
        """ Method to compute Bark from Hz.
        Args     :
            f    : (ndarray)    Array containing frequencies in Hz.
        Returns  :
            Brk  : (ndarray)    Array containing Bark scaled values.
        """
        Brk = 6. * np.arcsinh(f/600.) # Method from RASTA model and computable inverse function.
        #Brk = 13. * np.arctan(0.76*f/1000.) + 3.5 * np.arctan(f / (1000 * 7.5)) ** 2.

        return Brk 

Example 35

def test_numpy_method():
    # This type of code is used frequently by PyMC3 users
    x = tt.dmatrix('x')
    data = np.random.rand(5, 5)
    x.tag.test_value = data
    for fct in [np.arccos, np.arccosh, np.arcsin, np.arcsinh,
                np.arctan, np.arctanh, np.ceil, np.cos, np.cosh, np.deg2rad,
                np.exp, np.exp2, np.expm1, np.floor, np.log,
                np.log10, np.log1p, np.log2, np.rad2deg,
                np.sin, np.sinh, np.sqrt, np.tan, np.tanh, np.trunc]:
        y = fct(x)
        f = theano.function([x], y)
        utt.assert_allclose(np.nan_to_num(f(data)),
                            np.nan_to_num(fct(data))) 

Example 36

def impl(self, x):
        # If x is an int8 or uint8, numpy.arcsinh will compute the result in
        # half-precision (float16), where we want float32.
        x_dtype = str(getattr(x, 'dtype', ''))
        if x_dtype in ('int8', 'uint8'):
            return numpy.arcsinh(x, sig='f')
        return numpy.arcsinh(x) 

Example 37

def arcsinh(inp):
    if isinstance(inp, ooarray) and inp.dtype == object:
        return ooarray([arcsinh(elem) for elem in inp])
    if not isinstance(inp, oofun):
        return np.arcsinh(inp)
    # TODO: move it outside of arcsinh definition
    def interval(arg_inf, arg_sup):
        raise 'interval for arcsinh is unimplemented yet'
    r = oofun(np.arcsinh, inp, d = lambda x: FDmisc.Diag(1.0/sqrt(x**2 + 1)), vectorized = True, interval = interval)
    return r 

Example 38

def t_from_z(self, z):
        """
        Compute the age of the Universe from redshift.  This is based on Enzo's
        CosmologyComputeTimeFromRedshift.C, but altered to use physical units.  
        Similar to hubble_time, but using an analytical function.

        Parameters
        ----------
        z : float
            Redshift.

        Examples
        --------

        >>> from yt.utilities.cosmology import Cosmology
        >>> co = Cosmology()
        >>> print(co.t_from_z(0.).in_units("Gyr"))

        See Also
        --------

        hubble_time
        
        """
        omega_curvature = 1.0 - self.omega_matter - self.omega_lambda
 
        # 1) For a flat universe with omega_matter = 1, things are easy.
 
        if ((self.omega_matter == 1.0) and (self.omega_lambda == 0.0)):
            t0 = 2.0/3.0/np.power(1+z, 1.5)
 
        # 2) For omega_matter < 1 and omega_lambda == 0 see
        #    Peebles 1993, eq. 13-3, 13-10.
 
        if ((self.omega_matter < 1) and (self.omega_lambda == 0)):
            eta = np.arccosh(1 + 
                             2*(1-self.omega_matter)/self.omega_matter/(1+z))
            t0 = self.omega_matter/ \
              (2*np.power(1.0-self.omega_matter, 1.5))*\
              (np.sinh(eta) - eta)
 
        # 3) For omega_matter > 1 and omega_lambda == 0, use sin/cos.
 
        if ((self.omega_matter > 1) and (self.omega_lambda == 0)):
            eta = np.arccos(1 - 2*(1-self.omega_matter)/self.omega_matter/(1+z))
            t0 = self.omega_matter/(2*np.power(1.0-self.omega_matter, 1.5))*\
                (eta - np.sin(eta))
 
        # 4) For flat universe, with non-zero omega_lambda, see eq. 13-20.
 
        if ((np.fabs(omega_curvature) < 1.0e-3) and (self.omega_lambda != 0)):
            t0 = 2.0/3.0/np.sqrt(1-self.omega_matter)*\
                np.arcsinh(np.sqrt((1-self.omega_matter)/self.omega_matter)/ \
                               np.power(1+z, 1.5))
  
        # Now convert from Time * H0 to time.
  
        my_time = t0 / self.hubble_constant
    
        return my_time.in_base(self.unit_system) 

Example 39

def test_numpy_ufuncs(self):
        # test ufuncs of numpy 1.9.2. see:
        # http://docs.scipy.org/doc/numpy/reference/ufuncs.html

        # some functions are skipped because it may return different result
        # for unicode input depending on numpy version

        for name, idx in compat.iteritems(self.indices):
            for func in [np.exp, np.exp2, np.expm1, np.log, np.log2, np.log10,
                         np.log1p, np.sqrt, np.sin, np.cos, np.tan, np.arcsin,
                         np.arccos, np.arctan, np.sinh, np.cosh, np.tanh,
                         np.arcsinh, np.arccosh, np.arctanh, np.deg2rad,
                         np.rad2deg]:
                if isinstance(idx, pd.tseries.base.DatetimeIndexOpsMixin):
                    # raise TypeError or ValueError (PeriodIndex)
                    # PeriodIndex behavior should be changed in future version
                    with tm.assertRaises(Exception):
                        func(idx)
                elif isinstance(idx, (Float64Index, Int64Index)):
                    # coerces to float (e.g. np.sin)
                    result = func(idx)
                    exp = Index(func(idx.values), name=idx.name)
                    self.assert_index_equal(result, exp)
                    self.assertIsInstance(result, pd.Float64Index)
                else:
                    # raise AttributeError or TypeError
                    if len(idx) == 0:
                        continue
                    else:
                        with tm.assertRaises(Exception):
                            func(idx)

            for func in [np.isfinite, np.isinf, np.isnan, np.signbit]:
                if isinstance(idx, pd.tseries.base.DatetimeIndexOpsMixin):
                    # raise TypeError or ValueError (PeriodIndex)
                    with tm.assertRaises(Exception):
                        func(idx)
                elif isinstance(idx, (Float64Index, Int64Index)):
                    # results in bool array
                    result = func(idx)
                    exp = func(idx.values)
                    self.assertIsInstance(result, np.ndarray)
                    tm.assertNotIsInstance(result, Index)
                else:
                    if len(idx) == 0:
                        continue
                    else:
                        with tm.assertRaises(Exception):
                            func(idx) 
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