# Python numpy.frexp() 使用实例

The following are code examples for showing how to use . They are extracted from open source Python projects. You can vote up the examples you like or vote down the exmaples you don’t like. You can also save this page to your account.

Example 1

```def test_ufunc_override_out(self):
# 2016-01-29: NUMPY_UFUNC_DISABLED
return

class A(object):
def __numpy_ufunc__(self, ufunc, method, pos, inputs, **kwargs):
return kwargs

class B(object):
def __numpy_ufunc__(self, ufunc, method, pos, inputs, **kwargs):
return kwargs

a = A()
b = B()
res0 = np.multiply(a, b, 'out_arg')
res1 = np.multiply(a, b, out='out_arg')
res2 = np.multiply(2, b, 'out_arg')
res3 = np.multiply(3, b, out='out_arg')
res4 = np.multiply(a, 4, 'out_arg')
res5 = np.multiply(a, 5, out='out_arg')

assert_equal(res0['out'], 'out_arg')
assert_equal(res1['out'], 'out_arg')
assert_equal(res2['out'], 'out_arg')
assert_equal(res3['out'], 'out_arg')
assert_equal(res4['out'], 'out_arg')
assert_equal(res5['out'], 'out_arg')

# ufuncs with multiple output modf and frexp.
res6 = np.modf(a, 'out0', 'out1')
res7 = np.frexp(a, 'out0', 'out1')
assert_equal(res6['out'][0], 'out0')
assert_equal(res6['out'][1], 'out1')
assert_equal(res7['out'][0], 'out0')
assert_equal(res7['out'][1], 'out1') ```

Example 2

```def test_frexp(self, dtype):
numpy_a = numpy.array([-300, -20, -10, -1, 0, 1, 10, 20, 300],
dtype=dtype)
numpy_b, numpy_c = numpy.frexp(numpy_a)

cupy_a = cupy.array(numpy_a)
cupy_b, cupy_c = cupy.frexp(cupy_a)

testing.assert_allclose(cupy_b, numpy_b)
testing.assert_array_equal(cupy_c, numpy_c) ```

Example 3

```def test_ufunc_override_out(self):
# 2016-01-29: NUMPY_UFUNC_DISABLED
return

class A(object):
def __numpy_ufunc__(self, ufunc, method, pos, inputs, **kwargs):
return kwargs

class B(object):
def __numpy_ufunc__(self, ufunc, method, pos, inputs, **kwargs):
return kwargs

a = A()
b = B()
res0 = np.multiply(a, b, 'out_arg')
res1 = np.multiply(a, b, out='out_arg')
res2 = np.multiply(2, b, 'out_arg')
res3 = np.multiply(3, b, out='out_arg')
res4 = np.multiply(a, 4, 'out_arg')
res5 = np.multiply(a, 5, out='out_arg')

assert_equal(res0['out'], 'out_arg')
assert_equal(res1['out'], 'out_arg')
assert_equal(res2['out'], 'out_arg')
assert_equal(res3['out'], 'out_arg')
assert_equal(res4['out'], 'out_arg')
assert_equal(res5['out'], 'out_arg')

# ufuncs with multiple output modf and frexp.
res6 = np.modf(a, 'out0', 'out1')
res7 = np.frexp(a, 'out0', 'out1')
assert_equal(res6['out'][0], 'out0')
assert_equal(res6['out'][1], 'out1')
assert_equal(res7['out'][0], 'out0')
assert_equal(res7['out'][1], 'out1') ```

Example 4

```def test_frexp(self, dtype):
numpy_a = numpy.array([-300, -20, -10, -1, 0, 1, 10, 20, 300],
dtype=dtype)
numpy_b, numpy_c = numpy.frexp(numpy_a)

cupy_a = cupy.array(numpy_a)
cupy_b, cupy_c = cupy.frexp(cupy_a)

testing.assert_allclose(cupy_b, numpy_b)
testing.assert_array_equal(cupy_c, numpy_c) ```

Example 5

```def log2int(x):
"Fast integer part of the base-2 logarithm; mostly useful for powers of two but works for any real nonzero input"
return np.frexp(x)[1] - 1 ```

Example 6

```def test_ufunc_override_out(self):
# Temporarily disable __numpy_ufunc__ for 1.10; see gh-5844
return

class A(object):
def __numpy_ufunc__(self, ufunc, method, pos, inputs, **kwargs):
return kwargs

class B(object):
def __numpy_ufunc__(self, ufunc, method, pos, inputs, **kwargs):
return kwargs

a = A()
b = B()
res0 = np.multiply(a, b, 'out_arg')
res1 = np.multiply(a, b, out='out_arg')
res2 = np.multiply(2, b, 'out_arg')
res3 = np.multiply(3, b, out='out_arg')
res4 = np.multiply(a, 4, 'out_arg')
res5 = np.multiply(a, 5, out='out_arg')

assert_equal(res0['out'], 'out_arg')
assert_equal(res1['out'], 'out_arg')
assert_equal(res2['out'], 'out_arg')
assert_equal(res3['out'], 'out_arg')
assert_equal(res4['out'], 'out_arg')
assert_equal(res5['out'], 'out_arg')

# ufuncs with multiple output modf and frexp.
res6 = np.modf(a, 'out0', 'out1')
res7 = np.frexp(a, 'out0', 'out1')
assert_equal(res6['out'][0], 'out0')
assert_equal(res6['out'][1], 'out1')
assert_equal(res7['out'][0], 'out0')
assert_equal(res7['out'][1], 'out1') ```

Example 7

```def test_ufunc_override_out(self):
# Temporarily disable __numpy_ufunc__ for 1.10; see gh-5844
return

class A(object):
def __numpy_ufunc__(self, ufunc, method, pos, inputs, **kwargs):
return kwargs

class B(object):
def __numpy_ufunc__(self, ufunc, method, pos, inputs, **kwargs):
return kwargs

a = A()
b = B()
res0 = np.multiply(a, b, 'out_arg')
res1 = np.multiply(a, b, out='out_arg')
res2 = np.multiply(2, b, 'out_arg')
res3 = np.multiply(3, b, out='out_arg')
res4 = np.multiply(a, 4, 'out_arg')
res5 = np.multiply(a, 5, out='out_arg')

assert_equal(res0['out'], 'out_arg')
assert_equal(res1['out'], 'out_arg')
assert_equal(res2['out'], 'out_arg')
assert_equal(res3['out'], 'out_arg')
assert_equal(res4['out'], 'out_arg')
assert_equal(res5['out'], 'out_arg')

# ufuncs with multiple output modf and frexp.
res6 = np.modf(a, 'out0', 'out1')
res7 = np.frexp(a, 'out0', 'out1')
assert_equal(res6['out'][0], 'out0')
assert_equal(res6['out'][1], 'out1')
assert_equal(res7['out'][0], 'out0')
assert_equal(res7['out'][1], 'out1') ```

Example 8

```def test_ufunc_override_out(self):
# 2016-01-29: NUMPY_UFUNC_DISABLED
return

class A(object):
def __numpy_ufunc__(self, ufunc, method, pos, inputs, **kwargs):
return kwargs

class B(object):
def __numpy_ufunc__(self, ufunc, method, pos, inputs, **kwargs):
return kwargs

a = A()
b = B()
res0 = np.multiply(a, b, 'out_arg')
res1 = np.multiply(a, b, out='out_arg')
res2 = np.multiply(2, b, 'out_arg')
res3 = np.multiply(3, b, out='out_arg')
res4 = np.multiply(a, 4, 'out_arg')
res5 = np.multiply(a, 5, out='out_arg')

assert_equal(res0['out'], 'out_arg')
assert_equal(res1['out'], 'out_arg')
assert_equal(res2['out'], 'out_arg')
assert_equal(res3['out'], 'out_arg')
assert_equal(res4['out'], 'out_arg')
assert_equal(res5['out'], 'out_arg')

# ufuncs with multiple output modf and frexp.
res6 = np.modf(a, 'out0', 'out1')
res7 = np.frexp(a, 'out0', 'out1')
assert_equal(res6['out'][0], 'out0')
assert_equal(res6['out'][1], 'out1')
assert_equal(res7['out'][0], 'out0')
assert_equal(res7['out'][1], 'out1') ```

Example 9

```def test_ufunc_override_out(self):
# 2016-01-29: NUMPY_UFUNC_DISABLED
return

class A(object):
def __numpy_ufunc__(self, ufunc, method, pos, inputs, **kwargs):
return kwargs

class B(object):
def __numpy_ufunc__(self, ufunc, method, pos, inputs, **kwargs):
return kwargs

a = A()
b = B()
res0 = np.multiply(a, b, 'out_arg')
res1 = np.multiply(a, b, out='out_arg')
res2 = np.multiply(2, b, 'out_arg')
res3 = np.multiply(3, b, out='out_arg')
res4 = np.multiply(a, 4, 'out_arg')
res5 = np.multiply(a, 5, out='out_arg')

assert_equal(res0['out'], 'out_arg')
assert_equal(res1['out'], 'out_arg')
assert_equal(res2['out'], 'out_arg')
assert_equal(res3['out'], 'out_arg')
assert_equal(res4['out'], 'out_arg')
assert_equal(res5['out'], 'out_arg')

# ufuncs with multiple output modf and frexp.
res6 = np.modf(a, 'out0', 'out1')
res7 = np.frexp(a, 'out0', 'out1')
assert_equal(res6['out'][0], 'out0')
assert_equal(res6['out'][1], 'out1')
assert_equal(res7['out'][0], 'out0')
assert_equal(res7['out'][1], 'out1') ```

Example 10

```def test_ufunc_override_out(self):
# 2016-01-29: NUMPY_UFUNC_DISABLED
return

class A(object):
def __numpy_ufunc__(self, ufunc, method, pos, inputs, **kwargs):
return kwargs

class B(object):
def __numpy_ufunc__(self, ufunc, method, pos, inputs, **kwargs):
return kwargs

a = A()
b = B()
res0 = np.multiply(a, b, 'out_arg')
res1 = np.multiply(a, b, out='out_arg')
res2 = np.multiply(2, b, 'out_arg')
res3 = np.multiply(3, b, out='out_arg')
res4 = np.multiply(a, 4, 'out_arg')
res5 = np.multiply(a, 5, out='out_arg')

assert_equal(res0['out'], 'out_arg')
assert_equal(res1['out'], 'out_arg')
assert_equal(res2['out'], 'out_arg')
assert_equal(res3['out'], 'out_arg')
assert_equal(res4['out'], 'out_arg')
assert_equal(res5['out'], 'out_arg')

# ufuncs with multiple output modf and frexp.
res6 = np.modf(a, 'out0', 'out1')
res7 = np.frexp(a, 'out0', 'out1')
assert_equal(res6['out'][0], 'out0')
assert_equal(res6['out'][1], 'out1')
assert_equal(res7['out'][0], 'out0')
assert_equal(res7['out'][1], 'out1') ```

Example 11

```def test_out_subok(self):
for subok in (True, False):
a = np.array(0.5)
o = np.empty(())

r = np.add(a, 2, o, subok=subok)
assert_(r is o)
r = np.add(a, 2, out=o, subok=subok)
assert_(r is o)
r = np.add(a, 2, out=(o,), subok=subok)
assert_(r is o)

d = np.array(5.7)
o1 = np.empty(())
o2 = np.empty((), dtype=np.int32)

r1, r2 = np.frexp(d, o1, None, subok=subok)
assert_(r1 is o1)
r1, r2 = np.frexp(d, None, o2, subok=subok)
assert_(r2 is o2)
r1, r2 = np.frexp(d, o1, o2, subok=subok)
assert_(r1 is o1)
assert_(r2 is o2)

r1, r2 = np.frexp(d, out=(o1, None), subok=subok)
assert_(r1 is o1)
r1, r2 = np.frexp(d, out=(None, o2), subok=subok)
assert_(r2 is o2)
r1, r2 = np.frexp(d, out=(o1, o2), subok=subok)
assert_(r1 is o1)
assert_(r2 is o2)

with warnings.catch_warnings(record=True) as w:
warnings.filterwarnings('always', '', DeprecationWarning)
r1, r2 = np.frexp(d, out=o1, subok=subok)
assert_(r1 is o1)
assert_(w[0].category is DeprecationWarning)

assert_raises(ValueError, np.add, a, 2, o, o, subok=subok)
assert_raises(ValueError, np.add, a, 2, o, out=o, subok=subok)
assert_raises(ValueError, np.add, a, 2, None, out=o, subok=subok)
assert_raises(ValueError, np.add, a, 2, out=(o, o), subok=subok)
assert_raises(ValueError, np.add, a, 2, out=(), subok=subok)
assert_raises(TypeError, np.add, a, 2, [], subok=subok)
assert_raises(TypeError, np.add, a, 2, out=[], subok=subok)
assert_raises(TypeError, np.add, a, 2, out=([],), subok=subok)
o.flags.writeable = False
assert_raises(ValueError, np.add, a, 2, o, subok=subok)
assert_raises(ValueError, np.add, a, 2, out=o, subok=subok)
assert_raises(ValueError, np.add, a, 2, out=(o,), subok=subok) ```

Example 12

```def test_half_ufuncs(self):
"""Test the various ufuncs"""

a = np.array([0, 1, 2, 4, 2], dtype=float16)
b = np.array([-2, 5, 1, 4, 3], dtype=float16)
c = np.array([0, -1, -np.inf, np.nan, 6], dtype=float16)

assert_equal(np.add(a, b), [-2, 6, 3, 8, 5])
assert_equal(np.subtract(a, b), [2, -4, 1, 0, -1])
assert_equal(np.multiply(a, b), [0, 5, 2, 16, 6])
assert_equal(np.divide(a, b), [0, 0.199951171875, 2, 1, 0.66650390625])

assert_equal(np.equal(a, b), [False, False, False, True, False])
assert_equal(np.not_equal(a, b), [True, True, True, False, True])
assert_equal(np.less(a, b), [False, True, False, False, True])
assert_equal(np.less_equal(a, b), [False, True, False, True, True])
assert_equal(np.greater(a, b), [True, False, True, False, False])
assert_equal(np.greater_equal(a, b), [True, False, True, True, False])
assert_equal(np.logical_and(a, b), [False, True, True, True, True])
assert_equal(np.logical_or(a, b), [True, True, True, True, True])
assert_equal(np.logical_xor(a, b), [True, False, False, False, False])
assert_equal(np.logical_not(a), [True, False, False, False, False])

assert_equal(np.isnan(c), [False, False, False, True, False])
assert_equal(np.isinf(c), [False, False, True, False, False])
assert_equal(np.isfinite(c), [True, True, False, False, True])
assert_equal(np.signbit(b), [True, False, False, False, False])

assert_equal(np.copysign(b, a), [2, 5, 1, 4, 3])

assert_equal(np.maximum(a, b), [0, 5, 2, 4, 3])
x = np.maximum(b, c)
assert_(np.isnan(x[3]))
x[3] = 0
assert_equal(x, [0, 5, 1, 0, 6])
assert_equal(np.minimum(a, b), [-2, 1, 1, 4, 2])
x = np.minimum(b, c)
assert_(np.isnan(x[3]))
x[3] = 0
assert_equal(x, [-2, -1, -np.inf, 0, 3])
assert_equal(np.fmax(a, b), [0, 5, 2, 4, 3])
assert_equal(np.fmax(b, c), [0, 5, 1, 4, 6])
assert_equal(np.fmin(a, b), [-2, 1, 1, 4, 2])
assert_equal(np.fmin(b, c), [-2, -1, -np.inf, 4, 3])

assert_equal(np.floor_divide(a, b), [0, 0, 2, 1, 0])
assert_equal(np.remainder(a, b), [0, 1, 0, 0, 2])
assert_equal(np.square(b), [4, 25, 1, 16, 9])
assert_equal(np.reciprocal(b), [-0.5, 0.199951171875, 1, 0.25, 0.333251953125])
assert_equal(np.ones_like(b), [1, 1, 1, 1, 1])
assert_equal(np.conjugate(b), b)
assert_equal(np.absolute(b), [2, 5, 1, 4, 3])
assert_equal(np.negative(b), [2, -5, -1, -4, -3])
assert_equal(np.sign(b), [-1, 1, 1, 1, 1])
assert_equal(np.modf(b), ([0, 0, 0, 0, 0], b))
assert_equal(np.frexp(b), ([-0.5, 0.625, 0.5, 0.5, 0.75], [2, 3, 1, 3, 2]))
assert_equal(np.ldexp(b, [0, 1, 2, 4, 2]), [-2, 10, 4, 64, 12]) ```

Example 13

```def test_out_subok(self):
for subok in (True, False):
a = np.array(0.5)
o = np.empty(())

r = np.add(a, 2, o, subok=subok)
assert_(r is o)
r = np.add(a, 2, out=o, subok=subok)
assert_(r is o)
r = np.add(a, 2, out=(o,), subok=subok)
assert_(r is o)

d = np.array(5.7)
o1 = np.empty(())
o2 = np.empty((), dtype=np.int32)

r1, r2 = np.frexp(d, o1, None, subok=subok)
assert_(r1 is o1)
r1, r2 = np.frexp(d, None, o2, subok=subok)
assert_(r2 is o2)
r1, r2 = np.frexp(d, o1, o2, subok=subok)
assert_(r1 is o1)
assert_(r2 is o2)

r1, r2 = np.frexp(d, out=(o1, None), subok=subok)
assert_(r1 is o1)
r1, r2 = np.frexp(d, out=(None, o2), subok=subok)
assert_(r2 is o2)
r1, r2 = np.frexp(d, out=(o1, o2), subok=subok)
assert_(r1 is o1)
assert_(r2 is o2)

with warnings.catch_warnings(record=True) as w:
warnings.filterwarnings('always', '', DeprecationWarning)
r1, r2 = np.frexp(d, out=o1, subok=subok)
assert_(r1 is o1)
assert_(w[0].category is DeprecationWarning)

assert_raises(ValueError, np.add, a, 2, o, o, subok=subok)
assert_raises(ValueError, np.add, a, 2, o, out=o, subok=subok)
assert_raises(ValueError, np.add, a, 2, None, out=o, subok=subok)
assert_raises(ValueError, np.add, a, 2, out=(o, o), subok=subok)
assert_raises(ValueError, np.add, a, 2, out=(), subok=subok)
assert_raises(TypeError, np.add, a, 2, [], subok=subok)
assert_raises(TypeError, np.add, a, 2, out=[], subok=subok)
assert_raises(TypeError, np.add, a, 2, out=([],), subok=subok)
o.flags.writeable = False
assert_raises(ValueError, np.add, a, 2, o, subok=subok)
assert_raises(ValueError, np.add, a, 2, out=o, subok=subok)
assert_raises(ValueError, np.add, a, 2, out=(o,), subok=subok) ```

Example 14

```def test_half_ufuncs(self):
"""Test the various ufuncs"""

a = np.array([0, 1, 2, 4, 2], dtype=float16)
b = np.array([-2, 5, 1, 4, 3], dtype=float16)
c = np.array([0, -1, -np.inf, np.nan, 6], dtype=float16)

assert_equal(np.add(a, b), [-2, 6, 3, 8, 5])
assert_equal(np.subtract(a, b), [2, -4, 1, 0, -1])
assert_equal(np.multiply(a, b), [0, 5, 2, 16, 6])
assert_equal(np.divide(a, b), [0, 0.199951171875, 2, 1, 0.66650390625])

assert_equal(np.equal(a, b), [False, False, False, True, False])
assert_equal(np.not_equal(a, b), [True, True, True, False, True])
assert_equal(np.less(a, b), [False, True, False, False, True])
assert_equal(np.less_equal(a, b), [False, True, False, True, True])
assert_equal(np.greater(a, b), [True, False, True, False, False])
assert_equal(np.greater_equal(a, b), [True, False, True, True, False])
assert_equal(np.logical_and(a, b), [False, True, True, True, True])
assert_equal(np.logical_or(a, b), [True, True, True, True, True])
assert_equal(np.logical_xor(a, b), [True, False, False, False, False])
assert_equal(np.logical_not(a), [True, False, False, False, False])

assert_equal(np.isnan(c), [False, False, False, True, False])
assert_equal(np.isinf(c), [False, False, True, False, False])
assert_equal(np.isfinite(c), [True, True, False, False, True])
assert_equal(np.signbit(b), [True, False, False, False, False])

assert_equal(np.copysign(b, a), [2, 5, 1, 4, 3])

assert_equal(np.maximum(a, b), [0, 5, 2, 4, 3])
x = np.maximum(b, c)
assert_(np.isnan(x[3]))
x[3] = 0
assert_equal(x, [0, 5, 1, 0, 6])
assert_equal(np.minimum(a, b), [-2, 1, 1, 4, 2])
x = np.minimum(b, c)
assert_(np.isnan(x[3]))
x[3] = 0
assert_equal(x, [-2, -1, -np.inf, 0, 3])
assert_equal(np.fmax(a, b), [0, 5, 2, 4, 3])
assert_equal(np.fmax(b, c), [0, 5, 1, 4, 6])
assert_equal(np.fmin(a, b), [-2, 1, 1, 4, 2])
assert_equal(np.fmin(b, c), [-2, -1, -np.inf, 4, 3])

assert_equal(np.floor_divide(a, b), [0, 0, 2, 1, 0])
assert_equal(np.remainder(a, b), [0, 1, 0, 0, 2])
assert_equal(np.square(b), [4, 25, 1, 16, 9])
assert_equal(np.reciprocal(b), [-0.5, 0.199951171875, 1, 0.25, 0.333251953125])
assert_equal(np.ones_like(b), [1, 1, 1, 1, 1])
assert_equal(np.conjugate(b), b)
assert_equal(np.absolute(b), [2, 5, 1, 4, 3])
assert_equal(np.negative(b), [2, -5, -1, -4, -3])
assert_equal(np.sign(b), [-1, 1, 1, 1, 1])
assert_equal(np.modf(b), ([0, 0, 0, 0, 0], b))
assert_equal(np.frexp(b), ([-0.5, 0.625, 0.5, 0.5, 0.75], [2, 3, 1, 3, 2]))
assert_equal(np.ldexp(b, [0, 1, 2, 4, 2]), [-2, 10, 4, 64, 12]) ```

Example 15

```def test_out_subok(self):
for subok in (True, False):
a = np.array(0.5)
o = np.empty(())

r = np.add(a, 2, o, subok=subok)
assert_(r is o)
r = np.add(a, 2, out=o, subok=subok)
assert_(r is o)
r = np.add(a, 2, out=(o,), subok=subok)
assert_(r is o)

d = np.array(5.7)
o1 = np.empty(())
o2 = np.empty((), dtype=np.int32)

r1, r2 = np.frexp(d, o1, None, subok=subok)
assert_(r1 is o1)
r1, r2 = np.frexp(d, None, o2, subok=subok)
assert_(r2 is o2)
r1, r2 = np.frexp(d, o1, o2, subok=subok)
assert_(r1 is o1)
assert_(r2 is o2)

r1, r2 = np.frexp(d, out=(o1, None), subok=subok)
assert_(r1 is o1)
r1, r2 = np.frexp(d, out=(None, o2), subok=subok)
assert_(r2 is o2)
r1, r2 = np.frexp(d, out=(o1, o2), subok=subok)
assert_(r1 is o1)
assert_(r2 is o2)

with warnings.catch_warnings(record=True) as w:
warnings.filterwarnings('always', '', DeprecationWarning)
r1, r2 = np.frexp(d, out=o1, subok=subok)
assert_(r1 is o1)
assert_(w[0].category is DeprecationWarning)

assert_raises(ValueError, np.add, a, 2, o, o, subok=subok)
assert_raises(ValueError, np.add, a, 2, o, out=o, subok=subok)
assert_raises(ValueError, np.add, a, 2, None, out=o, subok=subok)
assert_raises(ValueError, np.add, a, 2, out=(o, o), subok=subok)
assert_raises(ValueError, np.add, a, 2, out=(), subok=subok)
assert_raises(TypeError, np.add, a, 2, [], subok=subok)
assert_raises(TypeError, np.add, a, 2, out=[], subok=subok)
assert_raises(TypeError, np.add, a, 2, out=([],), subok=subok)
o.flags.writeable = False
assert_raises(ValueError, np.add, a, 2, o, subok=subok)
assert_raises(ValueError, np.add, a, 2, out=o, subok=subok)
assert_raises(ValueError, np.add, a, 2, out=(o,), subok=subok) ```

Example 16

```def test_half_ufuncs(self):
"""Test the various ufuncs"""

a = np.array([0, 1, 2, 4, 2], dtype=float16)
b = np.array([-2, 5, 1, 4, 3], dtype=float16)
c = np.array([0, -1, -np.inf, np.nan, 6], dtype=float16)

assert_equal(np.add(a, b), [-2, 6, 3, 8, 5])
assert_equal(np.subtract(a, b), [2, -4, 1, 0, -1])
assert_equal(np.multiply(a, b), [0, 5, 2, 16, 6])
assert_equal(np.divide(a, b), [0, 0.199951171875, 2, 1, 0.66650390625])

assert_equal(np.equal(a, b), [False, False, False, True, False])
assert_equal(np.not_equal(a, b), [True, True, True, False, True])
assert_equal(np.less(a, b), [False, True, False, False, True])
assert_equal(np.less_equal(a, b), [False, True, False, True, True])
assert_equal(np.greater(a, b), [True, False, True, False, False])
assert_equal(np.greater_equal(a, b), [True, False, True, True, False])
assert_equal(np.logical_and(a, b), [False, True, True, True, True])
assert_equal(np.logical_or(a, b), [True, True, True, True, True])
assert_equal(np.logical_xor(a, b), [True, False, False, False, False])
assert_equal(np.logical_not(a), [True, False, False, False, False])

assert_equal(np.isnan(c), [False, False, False, True, False])
assert_equal(np.isinf(c), [False, False, True, False, False])
assert_equal(np.isfinite(c), [True, True, False, False, True])
assert_equal(np.signbit(b), [True, False, False, False, False])

assert_equal(np.copysign(b, a), [2, 5, 1, 4, 3])

assert_equal(np.maximum(a, b), [0, 5, 2, 4, 3])
x = np.maximum(b, c)
assert_(np.isnan(x[3]))
x[3] = 0
assert_equal(x, [0, 5, 1, 0, 6])
assert_equal(np.minimum(a, b), [-2, 1, 1, 4, 2])
x = np.minimum(b, c)
assert_(np.isnan(x[3]))
x[3] = 0
assert_equal(x, [-2, -1, -np.inf, 0, 3])
assert_equal(np.fmax(a, b), [0, 5, 2, 4, 3])
assert_equal(np.fmax(b, c), [0, 5, 1, 4, 6])
assert_equal(np.fmin(a, b), [-2, 1, 1, 4, 2])
assert_equal(np.fmin(b, c), [-2, -1, -np.inf, 4, 3])

assert_equal(np.floor_divide(a, b), [0, 0, 2, 1, 0])
assert_equal(np.remainder(a, b), [0, 1, 0, 0, 2])
assert_equal(np.square(b), [4, 25, 1, 16, 9])
assert_equal(np.reciprocal(b), [-0.5, 0.199951171875, 1, 0.25, 0.333251953125])
assert_equal(np.ones_like(b), [1, 1, 1, 1, 1])
assert_equal(np.conjugate(b), b)
assert_equal(np.absolute(b), [2, 5, 1, 4, 3])
assert_equal(np.negative(b), [2, -5, -1, -4, -3])
assert_equal(np.sign(b), [-1, 1, 1, 1, 1])
assert_equal(np.modf(b), ([0, 0, 0, 0, 0], b))
assert_equal(np.frexp(b), ([-0.5, 0.625, 0.5, 0.5, 0.75], [2, 3, 1, 3, 2]))
assert_equal(np.ldexp(b, [0, 1, 2, 4, 2]), [-2, 10, 4, 64, 12]) ```

Example 17

```def test_out_subok(self):
for subok in (True, False):
a = np.array(0.5)
o = np.empty(())

r = np.add(a, 2, o, subok=subok)
assert_(r is o)
r = np.add(a, 2, out=o, subok=subok)
assert_(r is o)
r = np.add(a, 2, out=(o,), subok=subok)
assert_(r is o)

d = np.array(5.7)
o1 = np.empty(())
o2 = np.empty((), dtype=np.int32)

r1, r2 = np.frexp(d, o1, None, subok=subok)
assert_(r1 is o1)
r1, r2 = np.frexp(d, None, o2, subok=subok)
assert_(r2 is o2)
r1, r2 = np.frexp(d, o1, o2, subok=subok)
assert_(r1 is o1)
assert_(r2 is o2)

r1, r2 = np.frexp(d, out=(o1, None), subok=subok)
assert_(r1 is o1)
r1, r2 = np.frexp(d, out=(None, o2), subok=subok)
assert_(r2 is o2)
r1, r2 = np.frexp(d, out=(o1, o2), subok=subok)
assert_(r1 is o1)
assert_(r2 is o2)

with warnings.catch_warnings(record=True) as w:
warnings.filterwarnings('always', '', DeprecationWarning)
r1, r2 = np.frexp(d, out=o1, subok=subok)
assert_(r1 is o1)
assert_(w[0].category is DeprecationWarning)

assert_raises(ValueError, np.add, a, 2, o, o, subok=subok)
assert_raises(ValueError, np.add, a, 2, o, out=o, subok=subok)
assert_raises(ValueError, np.add, a, 2, None, out=o, subok=subok)
assert_raises(ValueError, np.add, a, 2, out=(o, o), subok=subok)
assert_raises(ValueError, np.add, a, 2, out=(), subok=subok)
assert_raises(TypeError, np.add, a, 2, [], subok=subok)
assert_raises(TypeError, np.add, a, 2, out=[], subok=subok)
assert_raises(TypeError, np.add, a, 2, out=([],), subok=subok)
o.flags.writeable = False
assert_raises(ValueError, np.add, a, 2, o, subok=subok)
assert_raises(ValueError, np.add, a, 2, out=o, subok=subok)
assert_raises(ValueError, np.add, a, 2, out=(o,), subok=subok) ```

Example 18

```def test_half_ufuncs(self):
"""Test the various ufuncs"""

a = np.array([0, 1, 2, 4, 2], dtype=float16)
b = np.array([-2, 5, 1, 4, 3], dtype=float16)
c = np.array([0, -1, -np.inf, np.nan, 6], dtype=float16)

assert_equal(np.add(a, b), [-2, 6, 3, 8, 5])
assert_equal(np.subtract(a, b), [2, -4, 1, 0, -1])
assert_equal(np.multiply(a, b), [0, 5, 2, 16, 6])
assert_equal(np.divide(a, b), [0, 0.199951171875, 2, 1, 0.66650390625])

assert_equal(np.equal(a, b), [False, False, False, True, False])
assert_equal(np.not_equal(a, b), [True, True, True, False, True])
assert_equal(np.less(a, b), [False, True, False, False, True])
assert_equal(np.less_equal(a, b), [False, True, False, True, True])
assert_equal(np.greater(a, b), [True, False, True, False, False])
assert_equal(np.greater_equal(a, b), [True, False, True, True, False])
assert_equal(np.logical_and(a, b), [False, True, True, True, True])
assert_equal(np.logical_or(a, b), [True, True, True, True, True])
assert_equal(np.logical_xor(a, b), [True, False, False, False, False])
assert_equal(np.logical_not(a), [True, False, False, False, False])

assert_equal(np.isnan(c), [False, False, False, True, False])
assert_equal(np.isinf(c), [False, False, True, False, False])
assert_equal(np.isfinite(c), [True, True, False, False, True])
assert_equal(np.signbit(b), [True, False, False, False, False])

assert_equal(np.copysign(b, a), [2, 5, 1, 4, 3])

assert_equal(np.maximum(a, b), [0, 5, 2, 4, 3])
x = np.maximum(b, c)
assert_(np.isnan(x[3]))
x[3] = 0
assert_equal(x, [0, 5, 1, 0, 6])
assert_equal(np.minimum(a, b), [-2, 1, 1, 4, 2])
x = np.minimum(b, c)
assert_(np.isnan(x[3]))
x[3] = 0
assert_equal(x, [-2, -1, -np.inf, 0, 3])
assert_equal(np.fmax(a, b), [0, 5, 2, 4, 3])
assert_equal(np.fmax(b, c), [0, 5, 1, 4, 6])
assert_equal(np.fmin(a, b), [-2, 1, 1, 4, 2])
assert_equal(np.fmin(b, c), [-2, -1, -np.inf, 4, 3])

assert_equal(np.floor_divide(a, b), [0, 0, 2, 1, 0])
assert_equal(np.remainder(a, b), [0, 1, 0, 0, 2])
assert_equal(np.square(b), [4, 25, 1, 16, 9])
assert_equal(np.reciprocal(b), [-0.5, 0.199951171875, 1, 0.25, 0.333251953125])
assert_equal(np.ones_like(b), [1, 1, 1, 1, 1])
assert_equal(np.conjugate(b), b)
assert_equal(np.absolute(b), [2, 5, 1, 4, 3])
assert_equal(np.negative(b), [2, -5, -1, -4, -3])
assert_equal(np.sign(b), [-1, 1, 1, 1, 1])
assert_equal(np.modf(b), ([0, 0, 0, 0, 0], b))
assert_equal(np.frexp(b), ([-0.5, 0.625, 0.5, 0.5, 0.75], [2, 3, 1, 3, 2]))
assert_equal(np.ldexp(b, [0, 1, 2, 4, 2]), [-2, 10, 4, 64, 12]) ```

Example 19

```def test_out_subok(self):
for subok in (True, False):
a = np.array(0.5)
o = np.empty(())

r = np.add(a, 2, o, subok=subok)
assert_(r is o)
r = np.add(a, 2, out=o, subok=subok)
assert_(r is o)
r = np.add(a, 2, out=(o,), subok=subok)
assert_(r is o)

d = np.array(5.7)
o1 = np.empty(())
o2 = np.empty((), dtype=np.int32)

r1, r2 = np.frexp(d, o1, None, subok=subok)
assert_(r1 is o1)
r1, r2 = np.frexp(d, None, o2, subok=subok)
assert_(r2 is o2)
r1, r2 = np.frexp(d, o1, o2, subok=subok)
assert_(r1 is o1)
assert_(r2 is o2)

r1, r2 = np.frexp(d, out=(o1, None), subok=subok)
assert_(r1 is o1)
r1, r2 = np.frexp(d, out=(None, o2), subok=subok)
assert_(r2 is o2)
r1, r2 = np.frexp(d, out=(o1, o2), subok=subok)
assert_(r1 is o1)
assert_(r2 is o2)

with warnings.catch_warnings(record=True) as w:
warnings.filterwarnings('always', '', DeprecationWarning)
r1, r2 = np.frexp(d, out=o1, subok=subok)
assert_(r1 is o1)
assert_(w[0].category is DeprecationWarning)

assert_raises(ValueError, np.add, a, 2, o, o, subok=subok)
assert_raises(ValueError, np.add, a, 2, o, out=o, subok=subok)
assert_raises(ValueError, np.add, a, 2, None, out=o, subok=subok)
assert_raises(ValueError, np.add, a, 2, out=(o, o), subok=subok)
assert_raises(ValueError, np.add, a, 2, out=(), subok=subok)
assert_raises(TypeError, np.add, a, 2, [], subok=subok)
assert_raises(TypeError, np.add, a, 2, out=[], subok=subok)
assert_raises(TypeError, np.add, a, 2, out=([],), subok=subok)
o.flags.writeable = False
assert_raises(ValueError, np.add, a, 2, o, subok=subok)
assert_raises(ValueError, np.add, a, 2, out=o, subok=subok)
assert_raises(ValueError, np.add, a, 2, out=(o,), subok=subok) ```

Example 20

```def test_half_ufuncs(self):
"""Test the various ufuncs"""

a = np.array([0, 1, 2, 4, 2], dtype=float16)
b = np.array([-2, 5, 1, 4, 3], dtype=float16)
c = np.array([0, -1, -np.inf, np.nan, 6], dtype=float16)

assert_equal(np.add(a, b), [-2, 6, 3, 8, 5])
assert_equal(np.subtract(a, b), [2, -4, 1, 0, -1])
assert_equal(np.multiply(a, b), [0, 5, 2, 16, 6])
assert_equal(np.divide(a, b), [0, 0.199951171875, 2, 1, 0.66650390625])

assert_equal(np.equal(a, b), [False, False, False, True, False])
assert_equal(np.not_equal(a, b), [True, True, True, False, True])
assert_equal(np.less(a, b), [False, True, False, False, True])
assert_equal(np.less_equal(a, b), [False, True, False, True, True])
assert_equal(np.greater(a, b), [True, False, True, False, False])
assert_equal(np.greater_equal(a, b), [True, False, True, True, False])
assert_equal(np.logical_and(a, b), [False, True, True, True, True])
assert_equal(np.logical_or(a, b), [True, True, True, True, True])
assert_equal(np.logical_xor(a, b), [True, False, False, False, False])
assert_equal(np.logical_not(a), [True, False, False, False, False])

assert_equal(np.isnan(c), [False, False, False, True, False])
assert_equal(np.isinf(c), [False, False, True, False, False])
assert_equal(np.isfinite(c), [True, True, False, False, True])
assert_equal(np.signbit(b), [True, False, False, False, False])

assert_equal(np.copysign(b, a), [2, 5, 1, 4, 3])

assert_equal(np.maximum(a, b), [0, 5, 2, 4, 3])
x = np.maximum(b, c)
assert_(np.isnan(x[3]))
x[3] = 0
assert_equal(x, [0, 5, 1, 0, 6])
assert_equal(np.minimum(a, b), [-2, 1, 1, 4, 2])
x = np.minimum(b, c)
assert_(np.isnan(x[3]))
x[3] = 0
assert_equal(x, [-2, -1, -np.inf, 0, 3])
assert_equal(np.fmax(a, b), [0, 5, 2, 4, 3])
assert_equal(np.fmax(b, c), [0, 5, 1, 4, 6])
assert_equal(np.fmin(a, b), [-2, 1, 1, 4, 2])
assert_equal(np.fmin(b, c), [-2, -1, -np.inf, 4, 3])

assert_equal(np.floor_divide(a, b), [0, 0, 2, 1, 0])
assert_equal(np.remainder(a, b), [0, 1, 0, 0, 2])
assert_equal(np.square(b), [4, 25, 1, 16, 9])
assert_equal(np.reciprocal(b), [-0.5, 0.199951171875, 1, 0.25, 0.333251953125])
assert_equal(np.ones_like(b), [1, 1, 1, 1, 1])
assert_equal(np.conjugate(b), b)
assert_equal(np.absolute(b), [2, 5, 1, 4, 3])
assert_equal(np.negative(b), [2, -5, -1, -4, -3])
assert_equal(np.sign(b), [-1, 1, 1, 1, 1])
assert_equal(np.modf(b), ([0, 0, 0, 0, 0], b))
assert_equal(np.frexp(b), ([-0.5, 0.625, 0.5, 0.5, 0.75], [2, 3, 1, 3, 2]))
assert_equal(np.ldexp(b, [0, 1, 2, 4, 2]), [-2, 10, 4, 64, 12]) ```

Example 21

```def test_out_subok(self):
for subok in (True, False):
a = np.array(0.5)
o = np.empty(())

r = np.add(a, 2, o, subok=subok)
assert_(r is o)
r = np.add(a, 2, out=o, subok=subok)
assert_(r is o)
r = np.add(a, 2, out=(o,), subok=subok)
assert_(r is o)

d = np.array(5.7)
o1 = np.empty(())
o2 = np.empty((), dtype=np.int32)

r1, r2 = np.frexp(d, o1, None, subok=subok)
assert_(r1 is o1)
r1, r2 = np.frexp(d, None, o2, subok=subok)
assert_(r2 is o2)
r1, r2 = np.frexp(d, o1, o2, subok=subok)
assert_(r1 is o1)
assert_(r2 is o2)

r1, r2 = np.frexp(d, out=(o1, None), subok=subok)
assert_(r1 is o1)
r1, r2 = np.frexp(d, out=(None, o2), subok=subok)
assert_(r2 is o2)
r1, r2 = np.frexp(d, out=(o1, o2), subok=subok)
assert_(r1 is o1)
assert_(r2 is o2)

with warnings.catch_warnings(record=True) as w:
warnings.filterwarnings('always', '', DeprecationWarning)
r1, r2 = np.frexp(d, out=o1, subok=subok)
assert_(r1 is o1)
assert_(w[0].category is DeprecationWarning)

assert_raises(ValueError, np.add, a, 2, o, o, subok=subok)
assert_raises(ValueError, np.add, a, 2, o, out=o, subok=subok)
assert_raises(ValueError, np.add, a, 2, None, out=o, subok=subok)
assert_raises(ValueError, np.add, a, 2, out=(o, o), subok=subok)
assert_raises(ValueError, np.add, a, 2, out=(), subok=subok)
assert_raises(TypeError, np.add, a, 2, [], subok=subok)
assert_raises(TypeError, np.add, a, 2, out=[], subok=subok)
assert_raises(TypeError, np.add, a, 2, out=([],), subok=subok)
o.flags.writeable = False
assert_raises(ValueError, np.add, a, 2, o, subok=subok)
assert_raises(ValueError, np.add, a, 2, out=o, subok=subok)
assert_raises(ValueError, np.add, a, 2, out=(o,), subok=subok) ```

Example 22

```def test_half_ufuncs(self):
"""Test the various ufuncs"""

a = np.array([0, 1, 2, 4, 2], dtype=float16)
b = np.array([-2, 5, 1, 4, 3], dtype=float16)
c = np.array([0, -1, -np.inf, np.nan, 6], dtype=float16)

assert_equal(np.add(a, b), [-2, 6, 3, 8, 5])
assert_equal(np.subtract(a, b), [2, -4, 1, 0, -1])
assert_equal(np.multiply(a, b), [0, 5, 2, 16, 6])
assert_equal(np.divide(a, b), [0, 0.199951171875, 2, 1, 0.66650390625])

assert_equal(np.equal(a, b), [False, False, False, True, False])
assert_equal(np.not_equal(a, b), [True, True, True, False, True])
assert_equal(np.less(a, b), [False, True, False, False, True])
assert_equal(np.less_equal(a, b), [False, True, False, True, True])
assert_equal(np.greater(a, b), [True, False, True, False, False])
assert_equal(np.greater_equal(a, b), [True, False, True, True, False])
assert_equal(np.logical_and(a, b), [False, True, True, True, True])
assert_equal(np.logical_or(a, b), [True, True, True, True, True])
assert_equal(np.logical_xor(a, b), [True, False, False, False, False])
assert_equal(np.logical_not(a), [True, False, False, False, False])

assert_equal(np.isnan(c), [False, False, False, True, False])
assert_equal(np.isinf(c), [False, False, True, False, False])
assert_equal(np.isfinite(c), [True, True, False, False, True])
assert_equal(np.signbit(b), [True, False, False, False, False])

assert_equal(np.copysign(b, a), [2, 5, 1, 4, 3])

assert_equal(np.maximum(a, b), [0, 5, 2, 4, 3])
x = np.maximum(b, c)
assert_(np.isnan(x[3]))
x[3] = 0
assert_equal(x, [0, 5, 1, 0, 6])
assert_equal(np.minimum(a, b), [-2, 1, 1, 4, 2])
x = np.minimum(b, c)
assert_(np.isnan(x[3]))
x[3] = 0
assert_equal(x, [-2, -1, -np.inf, 0, 3])
assert_equal(np.fmax(a, b), [0, 5, 2, 4, 3])
assert_equal(np.fmax(b, c), [0, 5, 1, 4, 6])
assert_equal(np.fmin(a, b), [-2, 1, 1, 4, 2])
assert_equal(np.fmin(b, c), [-2, -1, -np.inf, 4, 3])

assert_equal(np.floor_divide(a, b), [0, 0, 2, 1, 0])
assert_equal(np.remainder(a, b), [0, 1, 0, 0, 2])
assert_equal(np.square(b), [4, 25, 1, 16, 9])
assert_equal(np.reciprocal(b), [-0.5, 0.199951171875, 1, 0.25, 0.333251953125])
assert_equal(np.ones_like(b), [1, 1, 1, 1, 1])
assert_equal(np.conjugate(b), b)
assert_equal(np.absolute(b), [2, 5, 1, 4, 3])
assert_equal(np.negative(b), [2, -5, -1, -4, -3])
assert_equal(np.sign(b), [-1, 1, 1, 1, 1])
assert_equal(np.modf(b), ([0, 0, 0, 0, 0], b))
assert_equal(np.frexp(b), ([-0.5, 0.625, 0.5, 0.5, 0.75], [2, 3, 1, 3, 2]))
assert_equal(np.ldexp(b, [0, 1, 2, 4, 2]), [-2, 10, 4, 64, 12]) ```

Example 23

```def test_out_subok(self):
for subok in (True, False):
a = np.array(0.5)
o = np.empty(())

r = np.add(a, 2, o, subok=subok)
assert_(r is o)
r = np.add(a, 2, out=o, subok=subok)
assert_(r is o)
r = np.add(a, 2, out=(o,), subok=subok)
assert_(r is o)

d = np.array(5.7)
o1 = np.empty(())
o2 = np.empty((), dtype=np.int32)

r1, r2 = np.frexp(d, o1, None, subok=subok)
assert_(r1 is o1)
r1, r2 = np.frexp(d, None, o2, subok=subok)
assert_(r2 is o2)
r1, r2 = np.frexp(d, o1, o2, subok=subok)
assert_(r1 is o1)
assert_(r2 is o2)

r1, r2 = np.frexp(d, out=(o1, None), subok=subok)
assert_(r1 is o1)
r1, r2 = np.frexp(d, out=(None, o2), subok=subok)
assert_(r2 is o2)
r1, r2 = np.frexp(d, out=(o1, o2), subok=subok)
assert_(r1 is o1)
assert_(r2 is o2)

with warnings.catch_warnings(record=True) as w:
warnings.filterwarnings('always', '', DeprecationWarning)
r1, r2 = np.frexp(d, out=o1, subok=subok)
assert_(r1 is o1)
assert_(w[0].category is DeprecationWarning)

assert_raises(ValueError, np.add, a, 2, o, o, subok=subok)
assert_raises(ValueError, np.add, a, 2, o, out=o, subok=subok)
assert_raises(ValueError, np.add, a, 2, None, out=o, subok=subok)
assert_raises(ValueError, np.add, a, 2, out=(o, o), subok=subok)
assert_raises(ValueError, np.add, a, 2, out=(), subok=subok)
assert_raises(TypeError, np.add, a, 2, [], subok=subok)
assert_raises(TypeError, np.add, a, 2, out=[], subok=subok)
assert_raises(TypeError, np.add, a, 2, out=([],), subok=subok)
o.flags.writeable = False
assert_raises(ValueError, np.add, a, 2, o, subok=subok)
assert_raises(ValueError, np.add, a, 2, out=o, subok=subok)
assert_raises(ValueError, np.add, a, 2, out=(o,), subok=subok) ```

Example 24

```def test_half_ufuncs(self):
"""Test the various ufuncs"""

a = np.array([0, 1, 2, 4, 2], dtype=float16)
b = np.array([-2, 5, 1, 4, 3], dtype=float16)
c = np.array([0, -1, -np.inf, np.nan, 6], dtype=float16)

assert_equal(np.add(a, b), [-2, 6, 3, 8, 5])
assert_equal(np.subtract(a, b), [2, -4, 1, 0, -1])
assert_equal(np.multiply(a, b), [0, 5, 2, 16, 6])
assert_equal(np.divide(a, b), [0, 0.199951171875, 2, 1, 0.66650390625])

assert_equal(np.equal(a, b), [False, False, False, True, False])
assert_equal(np.not_equal(a, b), [True, True, True, False, True])
assert_equal(np.less(a, b), [False, True, False, False, True])
assert_equal(np.less_equal(a, b), [False, True, False, True, True])
assert_equal(np.greater(a, b), [True, False, True, False, False])
assert_equal(np.greater_equal(a, b), [True, False, True, True, False])
assert_equal(np.logical_and(a, b), [False, True, True, True, True])
assert_equal(np.logical_or(a, b), [True, True, True, True, True])
assert_equal(np.logical_xor(a, b), [True, False, False, False, False])
assert_equal(np.logical_not(a), [True, False, False, False, False])

assert_equal(np.isnan(c), [False, False, False, True, False])
assert_equal(np.isinf(c), [False, False, True, False, False])
assert_equal(np.isfinite(c), [True, True, False, False, True])
assert_equal(np.signbit(b), [True, False, False, False, False])

assert_equal(np.copysign(b, a), [2, 5, 1, 4, 3])

assert_equal(np.maximum(a, b), [0, 5, 2, 4, 3])
x = np.maximum(b, c)
assert_(np.isnan(x[3]))
x[3] = 0
assert_equal(x, [0, 5, 1, 0, 6])
assert_equal(np.minimum(a, b), [-2, 1, 1, 4, 2])
x = np.minimum(b, c)
assert_(np.isnan(x[3]))
x[3] = 0
assert_equal(x, [-2, -1, -np.inf, 0, 3])
assert_equal(np.fmax(a, b), [0, 5, 2, 4, 3])
assert_equal(np.fmax(b, c), [0, 5, 1, 4, 6])
assert_equal(np.fmin(a, b), [-2, 1, 1, 4, 2])
assert_equal(np.fmin(b, c), [-2, -1, -np.inf, 4, 3])

assert_equal(np.floor_divide(a, b), [0, 0, 2, 1, 0])
assert_equal(np.remainder(a, b), [0, 1, 0, 0, 2])
assert_equal(np.square(b), [4, 25, 1, 16, 9])
assert_equal(np.reciprocal(b), [-0.5, 0.199951171875, 1, 0.25, 0.333251953125])
assert_equal(np.ones_like(b), [1, 1, 1, 1, 1])
assert_equal(np.conjugate(b), b)
assert_equal(np.absolute(b), [2, 5, 1, 4, 3])
assert_equal(np.negative(b), [2, -5, -1, -4, -3])
assert_equal(np.sign(b), [-1, 1, 1, 1, 1])
assert_equal(np.modf(b), ([0, 0, 0, 0, 0], b))
assert_equal(np.frexp(b), ([-0.5, 0.625, 0.5, 0.5, 0.75], [2, 3, 1, 3, 2]))
assert_equal(np.ldexp(b, [0, 1, 2, 4, 2]), [-2, 10, 4, 64, 12]) ```