Python numpy.char() 使用实例

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Example 1

def capitalize(a):
    """
    Return a copy of `a` with only the first character of each element
    capitalized.

    Calls `str.capitalize` element-wise.

    For 8-bit strings, this method is locale-dependent.

    Parameters
    ----------
    a : array_like of str or unicode
        Input array of strings to capitalize.

    Returns
    -------
    out : ndarray
        Output array of str or unicode, depending on input
        types

    See also
    --------
    str.capitalize

    Examples
    --------
    >>> c = np.array(['a1b2','1b2a','b2a1','2a1b'],'S4'); c
    array(['a1b2', '1b2a', 'b2a1', '2a1b'],
        dtype='|S4')
    >>> np.char.capitalize(c)
    array(['A1b2', '1b2a', 'B2a1', '2a1b'],
        dtype='|S4')

    """
    a_arr = numpy.asarray(a)
    return _vec_string(a_arr, a_arr.dtype, 'capitalize') 

Example 2

def lower(a):
    """
    Return an array with the elements converted to lowercase.

    Call `str.lower` element-wise.

    For 8-bit strings, this method is locale-dependent.

    Parameters
    ----------
    a : array_like, {str, unicode}
        Input array.

    Returns
    -------
    out : ndarray, {str, unicode}
        Output array of str or unicode, depending on input type

    See also
    --------
    str.lower

    Examples
    --------
    >>> c = np.array(['A1B C', '1BCA', 'BCA1']); c
    array(['A1B C', '1BCA', 'BCA1'],
          dtype='|S5')
    >>> np.char.lower(c)
    array(['a1b c', '1bca', 'bca1'],
          dtype='|S5')

    """
    a_arr = numpy.asarray(a)
    return _vec_string(a_arr, a_arr.dtype, 'lower') 

Example 3

def swapcase(a):
    """
    Return element-wise a copy of the string with
    uppercase characters converted to lowercase and vice versa.

    Calls `str.swapcase` element-wise.

    For 8-bit strings, this method is locale-dependent.

    Parameters
    ----------
    a : array_like, {str, unicode}
        Input array.

    Returns
    -------
    out : ndarray, {str, unicode}
        Output array of str or unicode, depending on input type

    See also
    --------
    str.swapcase

    Examples
    --------
    >>> c=np.array(['a1B c','1b Ca','b Ca1','cA1b'],'S5'); c
    array(['a1B c', '1b Ca', 'b Ca1', 'cA1b'],
        dtype='|S5')
    >>> np.char.swapcase(c)
    array(['A1b C', '1B cA', 'B cA1', 'Ca1B'],
        dtype='|S5')

    """
    a_arr = numpy.asarray(a)
    return _vec_string(a_arr, a_arr.dtype, 'swapcase') 

Example 4

def title(a):
    """
    Return element-wise title cased version of string or unicode.

    Title case words start with uppercase characters, all remaining cased
    characters are lowercase.

    Calls `str.title` element-wise.

    For 8-bit strings, this method is locale-dependent.

    Parameters
    ----------
    a : array_like, {str, unicode}
        Input array.

    Returns
    -------
    out : ndarray
        Output array of str or unicode, depending on input type

    See also
    --------
    str.title

    Examples
    --------
    >>> c=np.array(['a1b c','1b ca','b ca1','ca1b'],'S5'); c
    array(['a1b c', '1b ca', 'b ca1', 'ca1b'],
        dtype='|S5')
    >>> np.char.title(c)
    array(['A1B C', '1B Ca', 'B Ca1', 'Ca1B'],
        dtype='|S5')

    """
    a_arr = numpy.asarray(a)
    return _vec_string(a_arr, a_arr.dtype, 'title') 

Example 5

def upper(a):
    """
    Return an array with the elements converted to uppercase.

    Calls `str.upper` element-wise.

    For 8-bit strings, this method is locale-dependent.

    Parameters
    ----------
    a : array_like, {str, unicode}
        Input array.

    Returns
    -------
    out : ndarray, {str, unicode}
        Output array of str or unicode, depending on input type

    See also
    --------
    str.upper

    Examples
    --------
    >>> c = np.array(['a1b c', '1bca', 'bca1']); c
    array(['a1b c', '1bca', 'bca1'],
        dtype='|S5')
    >>> np.char.upper(c)
    array(['A1B C', '1BCA', 'BCA1'],
        dtype='|S5')

    """
    a_arr = numpy.asarray(a)
    return _vec_string(a_arr, a_arr.dtype, 'upper') 

Example 6

def capitalize(self):
        """
        Return a copy of `self` with only the first character of each element
        capitalized.

        See also
        --------
        char.capitalize

        """
        return asarray(capitalize(self)) 

Example 7

def count(self, sub, start=0, end=None):
        """
        Returns an array with the number of non-overlapping occurrences of
        substring `sub` in the range [`start`, `end`].

        See also
        --------
        char.count

        """
        return count(self, sub, start, end) 

Example 8

def decode(self, encoding=None, errors=None):
        """
        Calls `str.decode` element-wise.

        See also
        --------
        char.decode

        """
        return decode(self, encoding, errors) 

Example 9

def encode(self, encoding=None, errors=None):
        """
        Calls `str.encode` element-wise.

        See also
        --------
        char.encode

        """
        return encode(self, encoding, errors) 

Example 10

def endswith(self, suffix, start=0, end=None):
        """
        Returns a boolean array which is `True` where the string element
        in `self` ends with `suffix`, otherwise `False`.

        See also
        --------
        char.endswith

        """
        return endswith(self, suffix, start, end) 

Example 11

def find(self, sub, start=0, end=None):
        """
        For each element, return the lowest index in the string where
        substring `sub` is found.

        See also
        --------
        char.find

        """
        return find(self, sub, start, end) 

Example 12

def index(self, sub, start=0, end=None):
        """
        Like `find`, but raises `ValueError` when the substring is not found.

        See also
        --------
        char.index

        """
        return index(self, sub, start, end) 

Example 13

def isalnum(self):
        """
        Returns true for each element if all characters in the string
        are alphanumeric and there is at least one character, false
        otherwise.

        See also
        --------
        char.isalnum

        """
        return isalnum(self) 

Example 14

def isalpha(self):
        """
        Returns true for each element if all characters in the string
        are alphabetic and there is at least one character, false
        otherwise.

        See also
        --------
        char.isalpha

        """
        return isalpha(self) 

Example 15

def isdigit(self):
        """
        Returns true for each element if all characters in the string are
        digits and there is at least one character, false otherwise.

        See also
        --------
        char.isdigit

        """
        return isdigit(self) 

Example 16

def isspace(self):
        """
        Returns true for each element if there are only whitespace
        characters in the string and there is at least one character,
        false otherwise.

        See also
        --------
        char.isspace

        """
        return isspace(self) 

Example 17

def istitle(self):
        """
        Returns true for each element if the element is a titlecased
        string and there is at least one character, false otherwise.

        See also
        --------
        char.istitle

        """
        return istitle(self) 

Example 18

def isupper(self):
        """
        Returns true for each element if all cased characters in the
        string are uppercase and there is at least one character, false
        otherwise.

        See also
        --------
        char.isupper

        """
        return isupper(self) 

Example 19

def join(self, seq):
        """
        Return a string which is the concatenation of the strings in the
        sequence `seq`.

        See also
        --------
        char.join

        """
        return join(self, seq) 

Example 20

def ljust(self, width, fillchar=' '):
        """
        Return an array with the elements of `self` left-justified in a
        string of length `width`.

        See also
        --------
        char.ljust

        """
        return asarray(ljust(self, width, fillchar)) 

Example 21

def lstrip(self, chars=None):
        """
        For each element in `self`, return a copy with the leading characters
        removed.

        See also
        --------
        char.lstrip

        """
        return asarray(lstrip(self, chars)) 

Example 22

def replace(self, old, new, count=None):
        """
        For each element in `self`, return a copy of the string with all
        occurrences of substring `old` replaced by `new`.

        See also
        --------
        char.replace

        """
        return asarray(replace(self, old, new, count)) 

Example 23

def rfind(self, sub, start=0, end=None):
        """
        For each element in `self`, return the highest index in the string
        where substring `sub` is found, such that `sub` is contained
        within [`start`, `end`].

        See also
        --------
        char.rfind

        """
        return rfind(self, sub, start, end) 

Example 24

def rindex(self, sub, start=0, end=None):
        """
        Like `rfind`, but raises `ValueError` when the substring `sub` is
        not found.

        See also
        --------
        char.rindex

        """
        return rindex(self, sub, start, end) 

Example 25

def rjust(self, width, fillchar=' '):
        """
        Return an array with the elements of `self`
        right-justified in a string of length `width`.

        See also
        --------
        char.rjust

        """
        return asarray(rjust(self, width, fillchar)) 

Example 26

def rstrip(self, chars=None):
        """
        For each element in `self`, return a copy with the trailing
        characters removed.

        See also
        --------
        char.rstrip

        """
        return asarray(rstrip(self, chars)) 

Example 27

def split(self, sep=None, maxsplit=None):
        """
        For each element in `self`, return a list of the words in the
        string, using `sep` as the delimiter string.

        See also
        --------
        char.split

        """
        return split(self, sep, maxsplit) 

Example 28

def splitlines(self, keepends=None):
        """
        For each element in `self`, return a list of the lines in the
        element, breaking at line boundaries.

        See also
        --------
        char.splitlines

        """
        return splitlines(self, keepends) 

Example 29

def startswith(self, prefix, start=0, end=None):
        """
        Returns a boolean array which is `True` where the string element
        in `self` starts with `prefix`, otherwise `False`.

        See also
        --------
        char.startswith

        """
        return startswith(self, prefix, start, end) 

Example 30

def strip(self, chars=None):
        """
        For each element in `self`, return a copy with the leading and
        trailing characters removed.

        See also
        --------
        char.strip

        """
        return asarray(strip(self, chars)) 

Example 31

def title(self):
        """
        For each element in `self`, return a titlecased version of the
        string: words start with uppercase characters, all remaining cased
        characters are lowercase.

        See also
        --------
        char.title

        """
        return asarray(title(self)) 

Example 32

def translate(self, table, deletechars=None):
        """
        For each element in `self`, return a copy of the string where
        all characters occurring in the optional argument
        `deletechars` are removed, and the remaining characters have
        been mapped through the given translation table.

        See also
        --------
        char.translate

        """
        return asarray(translate(self, table, deletechars)) 

Example 33

def upper(self):
        """
        Return an array with the elements of `self` converted to
        uppercase.

        See also
        --------
        char.upper

        """
        return asarray(upper(self)) 

Example 34

def zfill(self, width):
        """
        Return the numeric string left-filled with zeros in a string of
        length `width`.

        See also
        --------
        char.zfill

        """
        return asarray(zfill(self, width)) 

Example 35

def isnumeric(self):
        """
        For each element in `self`, return True if there are only
        numeric characters in the element.

        See also
        --------
        char.isnumeric

        """
        return isnumeric(self) 

Example 36

def write_nifti(data, output_fname, header=None, affine=None, use_data_dtype=True, **kwargs):
    """Write data to a nifti file.

    This will write the output directory if it does not exist yet.

    Args:
        data (ndarray): the data to write to that nifti file
        output_fname (str): the name of the resulting nifti file, this function will append .nii.gz if no
            suitable extension is given.
        header (nibabel header): the nibabel header to use as header for the nifti file. If None we will use
            a default header.
        affine (ndarray): the affine transformation matrix
        use_data_dtype (boolean): if we want to use the dtype from the data instead of that from the header
            when saving the nifti.
        **kwargs: other arguments to Nifti2Image from NiBabel
    """
    if header is None:
        header = nib.nifti2.Nifti2Header()

    if use_data_dtype:
        header = copy.deepcopy(header)
        dtype = data.dtype
        if data.dtype == np.bool:
            dtype = np.char
        try:
            header.set_data_dtype(dtype)
        except nib.spatialimages.HeaderDataError:
            pass

    if not (output_fname.endswith('.nii.gz') or output_fname.endswith('.nii')):
        output_fname += '.nii.gz'

    if not os.path.exists(os.path.dirname(output_fname)):
        os.makedirs(os.path.dirname(output_fname))

    if isinstance(header, nib.nifti2.Nifti2Header):
        format = nib.Nifti2Image
    else:
        format = nib.Nifti1Image

    format(data, affine, header=header, **kwargs).to_filename(output_fname) 

Example 37

def capitalize(a):
    """
    Return a copy of `a` with only the first character of each element
    capitalized.

    Calls `str.capitalize` element-wise.

    For 8-bit strings, this method is locale-dependent.

    Parameters
    ----------
    a : array_like of str or unicode
        Input array of strings to capitalize.

    Returns
    -------
    out : ndarray
        Output array of str or unicode, depending on input
        types

    See also
    --------
    str.capitalize

    Examples
    --------
    >>> c = np.array(['a1b2','1b2a','b2a1','2a1b'],'S4'); c
    array(['a1b2', '1b2a', 'b2a1', '2a1b'],
        dtype='|S4')
    >>> np.char.capitalize(c)
    array(['A1b2', '1b2a', 'B2a1', '2a1b'],
        dtype='|S4')

    """
    a_arr = numpy.asarray(a)
    return _vec_string(a_arr, a_arr.dtype, 'capitalize') 

Example 38

def lower(a):
    """
    Return an array with the elements converted to lowercase.

    Call `str.lower` element-wise.

    For 8-bit strings, this method is locale-dependent.

    Parameters
    ----------
    a : array_like, {str, unicode}
        Input array.

    Returns
    -------
    out : ndarray, {str, unicode}
        Output array of str or unicode, depending on input type

    See also
    --------
    str.lower

    Examples
    --------
    >>> c = np.array(['A1B C', '1BCA', 'BCA1']); c
    array(['A1B C', '1BCA', 'BCA1'],
          dtype='|S5')
    >>> np.char.lower(c)
    array(['a1b c', '1bca', 'bca1'],
          dtype='|S5')

    """
    a_arr = numpy.asarray(a)
    return _vec_string(a_arr, a_arr.dtype, 'lower') 

Example 39

def swapcase(a):
    """
    Return element-wise a copy of the string with
    uppercase characters converted to lowercase and vice versa.

    Calls `str.swapcase` element-wise.

    For 8-bit strings, this method is locale-dependent.

    Parameters
    ----------
    a : array_like, {str, unicode}
        Input array.

    Returns
    -------
    out : ndarray, {str, unicode}
        Output array of str or unicode, depending on input type

    See also
    --------
    str.swapcase

    Examples
    --------
    >>> c=np.array(['a1B c','1b Ca','b Ca1','cA1b'],'S5'); c
    array(['a1B c', '1b Ca', 'b Ca1', 'cA1b'],
        dtype='|S5')
    >>> np.char.swapcase(c)
    array(['A1b C', '1B cA', 'B cA1', 'Ca1B'],
        dtype='|S5')

    """
    a_arr = numpy.asarray(a)
    return _vec_string(a_arr, a_arr.dtype, 'swapcase') 

Example 40

def title(a):
    """
    Return element-wise title cased version of string or unicode.

    Title case words start with uppercase characters, all remaining cased
    characters are lowercase.

    Calls `str.title` element-wise.

    For 8-bit strings, this method is locale-dependent.

    Parameters
    ----------
    a : array_like, {str, unicode}
        Input array.

    Returns
    -------
    out : ndarray
        Output array of str or unicode, depending on input type

    See also
    --------
    str.title

    Examples
    --------
    >>> c=np.array(['a1b c','1b ca','b ca1','ca1b'],'S5'); c
    array(['a1b c', '1b ca', 'b ca1', 'ca1b'],
        dtype='|S5')
    >>> np.char.title(c)
    array(['A1B C', '1B Ca', 'B Ca1', 'Ca1B'],
        dtype='|S5')

    """
    a_arr = numpy.asarray(a)
    return _vec_string(a_arr, a_arr.dtype, 'title') 

Example 41

def upper(a):
    """
    Return an array with the elements converted to uppercase.

    Calls `str.upper` element-wise.

    For 8-bit strings, this method is locale-dependent.

    Parameters
    ----------
    a : array_like, {str, unicode}
        Input array.

    Returns
    -------
    out : ndarray, {str, unicode}
        Output array of str or unicode, depending on input type

    See also
    --------
    str.upper

    Examples
    --------
    >>> c = np.array(['a1b c', '1bca', 'bca1']); c
    array(['a1b c', '1bca', 'bca1'],
        dtype='|S5')
    >>> np.char.upper(c)
    array(['A1B C', '1BCA', 'BCA1'],
        dtype='|S5')

    """
    a_arr = numpy.asarray(a)
    return _vec_string(a_arr, a_arr.dtype, 'upper') 

Example 42

def capitalize(self):
        """
        Return a copy of `self` with only the first character of each element
        capitalized.

        See also
        --------
        char.capitalize

        """
        return asarray(capitalize(self)) 

Example 43

def count(self, sub, start=0, end=None):
        """
        Returns an array with the number of non-overlapping occurrences of
        substring `sub` in the range [`start`, `end`].

        See also
        --------
        char.count

        """
        return count(self, sub, start, end) 

Example 44

def decode(self, encoding=None, errors=None):
        """
        Calls `str.decode` element-wise.

        See also
        --------
        char.decode

        """
        return decode(self, encoding, errors) 

Example 45

def encode(self, encoding=None, errors=None):
        """
        Calls `str.encode` element-wise.

        See also
        --------
        char.encode

        """
        return encode(self, encoding, errors) 

Example 46

def endswith(self, suffix, start=0, end=None):
        """
        Returns a boolean array which is `True` where the string element
        in `self` ends with `suffix`, otherwise `False`.

        See also
        --------
        char.endswith

        """
        return endswith(self, suffix, start, end) 

Example 47

def find(self, sub, start=0, end=None):
        """
        For each element, return the lowest index in the string where
        substring `sub` is found.

        See also
        --------
        char.find

        """
        return find(self, sub, start, end) 

Example 48

def index(self, sub, start=0, end=None):
        """
        Like `find`, but raises `ValueError` when the substring is not found.

        See also
        --------
        char.index

        """
        return index(self, sub, start, end) 

Example 49

def isalnum(self):
        """
        Returns true for each element if all characters in the string
        are alphanumeric and there is at least one character, false
        otherwise.

        See also
        --------
        char.isalnum

        """
        return isalnum(self) 

Example 50

def isalpha(self):
        """
        Returns true for each element if all characters in the string
        are alphabetic and there is at least one character, false
        otherwise.

        See also
        --------
        char.isalpha

        """
        return isalpha(self) 
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