网络必备——动态路由(默认路由+静态+OSPF+RIP综合实验)

《网络必备——动态路由(默认路由+静态+OSPF+RIP综合实验)》

本章目的:全网互通,R2设置静态路由,R2和R3在AREA1区域中使用OSPF协议 ,R3设置默认路由回来,R4和R5使用RIP协议

本章环境:GNS3,5台路由器,4台主机,1个外部网.

实验图:

《网络必备——动态路由(默认路由+静态+OSPF+RIP综合实验)》

  1. 路由器接口地址
R1:
f0/0(192.168.10.1/24)
f0/1(192.168.20.1/24)
R2:
f0/1(192.168.20.2/24)
f0/0(192.168.30.1/24)
R3:
f0/0(192.168.30.2/24)
f0/1(192.168.40.1/24)
f1/0(12.0.0.1/24)
f2/0(192.168.70.1/24)
R4:
f0/1(192.168.50.1/24)
f0/0(192.168.40.2/24)
R6:
f0/1(192.168.60.1/24)
f0/0(192.168.50.2/24)

2.外部网地址:

R5:
f0/0(12.0.0.2/24)
f0/1(13.0.0.1/24)

3.客户端地址:

PC机1:(192.168.10.2/24)
PC机2:(192.168.70.2/24)
PC机3:(13.0.0.13/24)  
PC机4:(192.168.60.2/24)

R3的路由器要多加一块单板

《网络必备——动态路由(默认路由+静态+OSPF+RIP综合实验)》

1.配置R1路由器

R1#conf t   //进入全局模式
Enter configuration commands, one per line.  End with CNTL/Z.
R1(config)#int f0/0  //进入接口
R1(config-if)#ip add 192.168.10.1 255.255.255.0   //设置地址
R1(config-if)#no shut   //开启
R1(config-if)#ex
R1(config)#int f0/1
R1(config-if)#ip add 192.168.20.1 255.255.255.0
R1(config-if)#no shut
R1(config-if)#ex
R1(config)#do show ip route  //查看路由表
Codes: C - connected, S - static, R - RIP, M - mobile, B - BGP
       D - EIGRP, EX - EIGRP external, O - OSPF, IA - OSPF inter area 
       N1 - OSPF NSSA external type 1, N2 - OSPF NSSA external type 2
       E1 - OSPF external type 1, E2 - OSPF external type 2
       i - IS-IS, su - IS-IS summary, L1 - IS-IS level-1, L2 - IS-IS level-2
       ia - IS-IS inter area, * - candidate default, U - per-user static route
       o - ODR, P - periodic downloaded static route

Gateway of last resort is 192.168.20.2 to network 0.0.0.0

C    192.168.10.0/24 is directly connected, FastEthernet0/0  //直连网段
C    192.168.20.0/24 is directly connected, FastEthernet0/1  //直连网段
S*   0.0.0.0/0 [1/0] via 192.168.20.2    //默认网络

2.配置R2路由器接口地址

R2#conf t
Enter configuration commands, one per line.  End with CNTL/Z.
R2(config)#int f0/1
R2(config-if)#ip add 192.168.20.2 255.255.255.0
R2(config-if)#no shut
R2(config-if)#ex   
R2(config)#int f0/0
R2(config-if)#ip add 192.168.30.1 255.255.255.0
R2(config-if)#no shut
R2(config-if)#ex

3.配置R2静态路由和OSPF协议

R2(config)#router ospf 1  //进入OSPF协议1进程  在协议里一定要在同一个进程
R2(config-router)#router-id 2.2.2.2   //设置路由器router-id
R2(config-router)#network 192.168.30.0 0.0.0.255 area 1  //宣告30网段再骨干区域area1中
R2(config-router)#redistribute connected subnets    //将R2直连的网段注入进来
R2(config-router)#redistribute static subnets          //将 静态路由的10网段注入进来
R2(config-router)#ex
R2(config)#ip route 192.168.10.0 255.255.255.0 192.168.20.1  //设置静态路由 网段,子网掩码,下一跳地址
R2(config)#do show ip route   
Codes: C - connected, S - static, R - RIP, M - mobile, B - BGP
       D - EIGRP, EX - EIGRP external, O - OSPF, IA - OSPF inter area 
       N1 - OSPF NSSA external type 1, N2 - OSPF NSSA external type 2
       E1 - OSPF external type 1, E2 - OSPF external type 2
       i - IS-IS, su - IS-IS summary, L1 - IS-IS level-1, L2 - IS-IS level-2
       ia - IS-IS inter area, * - candidate default, U - per-user static route
       o - ODR, P - periodic downloaded static route

Gateway of last resort is not set

C    192.168.30.0/24 is directly connected, FastEthernet0/0
S    192.168.10.0/24 [1/0] via 192.168.20.1
C    192.168.20.0/24 is directly connected, FastEthernet0/1

4.配置R3接口地址

R3
R3#conf t
Enter configuration commands, one per line.  End with CNTL/Z.
R3(config)#int f0/0
R3(config-if)#ip add 192.168.30.2 255.255.255.0
R3(config-if)#no shut
R3(config-if)#int f0/1
R3(config-if)#ip add 192.168.40.1 255.255.255.0
R3(config-if)#no shut
R3(config-if)#int f1/0
R3(config-if)#ip add 12.0.0.1 255.255.255.0
R3(config-if)#no shut
R3(config-if)#int f2/0 
R3(config-if)#ip add 192.168.70.1 255.255.255.0
R3(config-if)#no shut
R3(config-if)#ex

5.配置R3默认路由和OSPF协议

R3(config)#ip route 0.0.0.0 0.0.0.0 12.0.0.2  将R3设置成默认路由
R3(config)#router ospf 1   //开启OSPF进程1
R3(config-router)#router-id 3.3.3.3  //设置路由router-id
R3(config-router)#network 192.168.30.0 0.0.0.255 area 1  宣告30网段在area 1区域中
R3(config-router)#network 192.168.40.0 0.0.0.255 area 0 宣告40网段在area 0区域中
R3(config-router)#network 192.168.70.0 0.0.0.255 area 0宣告70网段在area 0区域中
R3(config-router)#ex
R3(config)#do show ip route
Codes: C - connected, S - static, R - RIP, M - mobile, B - BGP
       D - EIGRP, EX - EIGRP external, O - OSPF, IA - OSPF inter area 
       N1 - OSPF NSSA external type 1, N2 - OSPF NSSA external type 2
       E1 - OSPF external type 1, E2 - OSPF external type 2
       i - IS-IS, su - IS-IS summary, L1 - IS-IS level-1, L2 - IS-IS level-2
       ia - IS-IS inter area, * - candidate default, U - per-user static route
       o - ODR, P - periodic downloaded static route

Gateway of last resort is 12.0.0.2 to network 0.0.0.0

C    192.168.30.0/24 is directly connected, FastEthernet0/0
O E2 192.168.10.0/24 [110/20] via 192.168.30.1, 00:00:49, FastEthernet0/0
C    192.168.40.0/24 is directly connected, FastEthernet0/1
O E2 192.168.20.0/24 [110/20] via 192.168.30.1, 00:00:49, FastEthernet0/0
     12.0.0.0/24 is subnetted, 1 subnets
C       12.0.0.0 is directly connected, FastEthernet1/0
C    192.168.70.0/24 is directly connected, FastEthernet2/0
S*   0.0.0.0/0 [1/0] via 12.0.0.2

6.配置R4接口地址

R4#conf t
Enter configuration commands, one per line.  End with CNTL/Z.
R4(config)#int f0/0
R4(config-if)#ip add 192.168.40.2 255.255.255.0
R4(config-if)#no shut
R4(config-if)#int f0/1
R4(config-if)#ip add 192.168.50.1 255.255.255.0
R4(config-if)#no shut
R4(config-if)#ex

7.配置R4RIP协议,注入OSPF协议

R4(config)#router rip  //进入rip协议
R4(config-router)#ver 2    //使用2版本协议
R4(config-router)#no auto-summary   //关闭路由汇总
R4(config-router)#network 192.168.50.0   //宣告网段
R4(config-router)#redistribute ospf 1 metric 5  //在rip协议中注入OSPF协议
R4(config-router)#router ospf 1    //开启OSPF进程1
R4(config-router)#router-id 4.4.4.4
R4(config-router)#network 192.168.40.0 0.0.0.255 area 0
R4(config-router)#redistribute rip subnets
R4(config-router)#ex
R4(config)#do show ip route
Codes: C - connected, S - static, R - RIP, M - mobile, B - BGP
       D - EIGRP, EX - EIGRP external, O - OSPF, IA - OSPF inter area 
       N1 - OSPF NSSA external type 1, N2 - OSPF NSSA external type 2
       E1 - OSPF external type 1, E2 - OSPF external type 2
       i - IS-IS, su - IS-IS summary, L1 - IS-IS level-1, L2 - IS-IS level-2
       ia - IS-IS inter area, * - candidate default, U - per-user static route
       o - ODR, P - periodic downloaded static route

Gateway of last resort is 192.168.40.1 to network 0.0.0.0

O IA 192.168.30.0/24 [110/20] via 192.168.40.1, 00:00:18, FastEthernet0/0
O E2 192.168.10.0/24 [110/20] via 192.168.40.1, 00:00:18, FastEthernet0/0
C    192.168.40.0/24 is directly connected, FastEthernet0/0
O E2 192.168.20.0/24 [110/20] via 192.168.40.1, 00:00:18, FastEthernet0/0
C    192.168.50.0/24 is directly connected, FastEthernet0/1
O    192.168.70.0/24 [110/11] via 192.168.40.1, 00:00:18, FastEthernet0/0
O*E2 0.0.0.0/0 [110/1] via 192.168.40.1, 00:00:18, FastEthernet0/0

8.配置R6接口地址

R6#conf t
Enter configuration commands, one per line.  End with CNTL/Z.
R6(config)#int f0/0
R6(config-if)#ip add 192.168.50.2 255.255.255.0
R6(config-if)#no shut
R6(config-if)#int f0/1
R6(config-if)#ip add 192.168.60.1 255.255.255.0
R6(config-if)#no shut
R6(config-if)#ex

9.配置R6RIP协议

R6(config)#router rip
R6(config-router)#ver 2
R6(config-router)#no auto-summary
R6(config-router)#network 192.168.50.0
R6(config-router)#network 192.168.60.0
R6(config-router)#ex   
R6(config)#do show ip route
Codes: C - connected, S - static, R - RIP, M - mobile, B - BGP
       D - EIGRP, EX - EIGRP external, O - OSPF, IA - OSPF inter area 
       N1 - OSPF NSSA external type 1, N2 - OSPF NSSA external type 2
       E1 - OSPF external type 1, E2 - OSPF external type 2
       i - IS-IS, su - IS-IS summary, L1 - IS-IS level-1, L2 - IS-IS level-2
       ia - IS-IS inter area, * - candidate default, U - per-user static route
       o - ODR, P - periodic downloaded static route

Gateway of last resort is 192.168.50.1 to network 0.0.0.0

R    192.168.30.0/24 [120/5] via 192.168.50.1, 00:00:21, FastEthernet0/0
C    192.168.60.0/24 is directly connected, FastEthernet0/1
R    192.168.10.0/24 [120/5] via 192.168.50.1, 00:00:21, FastEthernet0/0
R    192.168.40.0/24 [120/5] via 192.168.50.1, 00:00:21, FastEthernet0/0
R    192.168.20.0/24 [120/5] via 192.168.50.1, 00:00:21, FastEthernet0/0
C    192.168.50.0/24 is directly connected, FastEthernet0/0
R    192.168.70.0/24 [120/5] via 192.168.50.1, 00:00:21, FastEthernet0/0
R*   0.0.0.0/0 [120/1] via 192.168.50.1, 00:00:22, FastEthernet0/0

10.配置R5外部网默认路由,和接口地址

R5R5#conf t
Enter configuration commands, one per line.  End with CNTL/Z.
R5(config)#ip route 192.168.0.0 255.255.0.0 12.0.0.1  //设置成默认路由
R5(config)#int f0/0
R5(config-if)#ip add 12.0.0.2 255.255.255.0
R5(config-if)#no shut
R5(config-if)#int f0/1
R5(config-if)#ip add 13.0.0.1 255.255.255.0
R5(config-if)#no shut
R5(config-if)#ex
R5(config)#do show ip route
Codes: C - connected, S - static, R - RIP, M - mobile, B - BGP
       D - EIGRP, EX - EIGRP external, O - OSPF, IA - OSPF inter area 
       N1 - OSPF NSSA external type 1, N2 - OSPF NSSA external type 2
       E1 - OSPF external type 1, E2 - OSPF external type 2
       i - IS-IS, su - IS-IS summary, L1 - IS-IS level-1, L2 - IS-IS level-2
       ia - IS-IS inter area, * - candidate default, U - per-user static route
       o - ODR, P - periodic downloaded static route

Gateway of last resort is not set

     12.0.0.0/24 is subnetted, 1 subnets
C       12.0.0.0 is directly connected, FastEthernet0/0
     13.0.0.0/24 is subnetted, 1 subnets
C       13.0.0.0 is directly connected, FastEthernet0/1
S    192.168.0.0/16 [1/0] via 12.0.0.1

11.给四台主机配好地址

PC1> ip 192.168.10.2 192.168.10.1
Checking for duplicate address...
PC1 : 192.168.10.2 255.255.255.0 gateway 192.168.10.1

PC2> ip 192.168.70.2 192.168.70.1
Checking for duplicate address...
PC1 : 192.168.70.2 255.255.255.0 gateway 192.168.70.1

PC3> ip 13.0.0.13 13.0.0.1
Checking for duplicate address...
PC1 : 13.0.0.13 255.255.255.0 gateway 13.0.0.1

PC号主机> ip 192.168.60.2 192.168.60.1
Checking for duplicate address...
PC1 : 192.168.60.2 255.255.255.0 gateway 192.168.60.1

12.验证一下是不是全网互通

PC1> ping 192.168.70.2
192.168.70.2 icmp_seq=1 timeout
192.168.70.2 icmp_seq=2 timeout
84 bytes from 192.168.70.2 icmp_seq=3 ttl=61 time=62.159 ms
84 bytes from 192.168.70.2 icmp_seq=4 ttl=61 time=62.159 ms
84 bytes from 192.168.70.2 icmp_seq=5 ttl=61 time=66.171 ms

PC1> ping 13.0.0.13
13.0.0.13 icmp_seq=1 timeout
13.0.0.13 icmp_seq=2 timeout
84 bytes from 13.0.0.13 icmp_seq=3 ttl=60 time=92.298 ms
84 bytes from 13.0.0.13 icmp_seq=4 ttl=60 time=92.248 ms
84 bytes from 13.0.0.13 icmp_seq=5 ttl=60 time=94.935 ms

PC1> ping 192.168.60.2
192.168.60.2 icmp_seq=1 timeout
84 bytes from 192.168.60.2 icmp_seq=2 ttl=59 time=112.913 ms
84 bytes from 192.168.60.2 icmp_seq=3 ttl=59 time=110.144 ms
84 bytes from 192.168.60.2 icmp_seq=4 ttl=59 time=116.545 ms
84 bytes from 192.168.60.2 icmp_seq=5 ttl=59 time=116.432 ms

以上就是我们的综合实验了,下一章OSPF最后一个实验虚链路。

    原文作者:23trl
    原文地址: https://blog.51cto.com/14449524/2438438
    本文转自网络文章,转载此文章仅为分享知识,如有侵权,请联系博主进行删除。
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